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UF/IFAS Scientists Generating Recipe for Growing Vanilla in South Florida

HOMESTEAD, Fla. – A tablespoon of vanilla goes a long way. As a key spice in baking, the intoxicating aromatic bean that reminds folks of delicious holiday desserts has a variety of uses throughout the year.

As a bean, it is used to flavor foods and products from cakes to candles. As an extract, it is a basic ingredient in flavoring food, hot and cold beverages, even pharmaceutical medications. The extract provides benefits in cosmetics for its antioxidant properties, and in perfume and traditional craft markets for its scent.

New developments in genetic research conducted by University of Florida scientists in Homestead, will give South Florida growers an opportunity to experiment with a large variety of vanilla bean species as early as February 2020. If all goes as planned, growers could find themselves starting a niche market that has been dominated by the Republic of Madagascar at a steep price.

“We have generated a vanilla genome and diversity study looking at over 100 vanilla types. We currently have a collection of over 200 vanilla types from this preliminary research,” said Alan Chambers, an assistant professor of horticultural sciences at UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Tropical Research and Education Center.

Vanilla seed capsules are commonly referred to as beans. The major commercial species is V. planifolia, with V. × tahitensis cultivated to a lesser extent. These are cultivated at a hefty price from the island country.

Having one of the largest recorded collections in the world at UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center has its benefits. During this phase of the research, it gives Chambers’ team including other faculty at the Center and growers a variety of beans from within the collection to choose from. Each species has been studied for its individual genetic composition, said Chamber.

“We are working on characterizing each of the vanilla species and that takes time but it goes hand in hand with providing growers with the ability to choose what is right for them and their preferences in the taste and aroma,” said Chambers. “We hope to go from the “one vanilla fits all” model to offering specialty, niche, and ultimately exciting options for discerning growers and foodies.”

Having this volume in a collection offers a large selection of vanilla tastes and aromatic variations at various points of the scale from subtle to potent. In turn, it opens doors to new uses giving way to a new agricultural crop that could fuel the Sunshine State’s economic engine, said Chambers.

“For those interested in baking, we are working with natural vanilla extracts from five different types of vanilla,” added Chambers.

These include the commercial types of V. planifolia, which is the typical extract purchased at a store. Then there is V. x tahitensis which is similar to V. planifolia but with anise flavor notes. Chambers explained the later has an essence that reminds him of egg nog or pizzelle type cookies. The V. pompona is a related species grown commercially on a limited scale in South America. They are also looking at hybrids with native species, some of which have marshmallow flavor notes.

In other developments at the Tropical Research and Education Center, the vanilla growing at the Center produced its first flowers and beans this year. Chambers anticipates more flowering and beans during the first and second quarter of 2020 allowing for the opportunity to work with growers who are interested in starting a vanillery.

In Chambers’ most recent publication with his team, Pamela Moon, Vovener de Verlands Edmond, and Elias Bassil, Vanilla Cultivation in Southern Florida is designed as a guide to local growers who wish to indulge in starting a vanillery as a secondary crop on their farms.

Currently, the United States is the largest importer of vanilla beans from Madagascar that are further processed into vanilla extract. As a bean, it is the second most expensive and is the world’s most popular flavor. In Madagascar, where over 80% of vanilla is produced, the flowers require pollination by hand. The pods need several months to cure after harvesting that results in a process that is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Then there is vanilla bean theft and extreme weather conditions in Madagascar that also drive the price up for other countries who rely on the supply chain. Vanilla is native to Mexico, but deforestation there has greatly reduced its natural habitat. For these and other factors, vanilla is an expensive commodity – possibly until now.

“Southern Florida’s hot, humid climate is suitable for vanilla cultivation,” said Chambers. “we look forward to the next phase of the research and working with growers at the start of 2020.

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By: Lourdes Rodriguez, 954-577-6363 office, 954-242-8439 mobile, rodriguezl@ufl.edu 

The mission of the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) is to develop knowledge relevant to agricultural, human, and natural resources and to make that knowledge available to sustain and enhance the quality of human life. With more than a dozen research facilities, 67 county Extension offices, and award-winning students and faculty in the UF College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, UF/IFAS brings science-based solutions to the state’s agricultural and natural resources industries and all Florida residents.

ifas.ufl.edu  @UF_IFAS

8 Comments on “UF/IFAS Scientists Generating Recipe for Growing Vanilla in South Florida

  1. I have been growing the orchid for 2 years, no flowers as of yet…excited fir my first bloom.

  2. Wow, I would love to have cuttings to try in my location. I have a few cuttings that I started this past September but am interested it what you are doing.

  3. Hello,
    Thirty years ago when I was coming back to Florida from Hawaii I had to leave behind a vanilla orchid I was given. I hated it. I knew I couldn’t and wouldn’t smuggle it back here. I have wanted one ever since. Is there a way I could buy one? I live in Fort Walton which is more humid than there and gets very cold at times, so I would build the orchid it’s own house if necessary.
    Please contact me when you have time.
    cperkins1000@gmail.com
    Cheryl P. Malagday
    40 Windham Ave. #40
    Fort Walton Beach, Florida 32548

      • Hi MS Malagday. Sorry for the delay, I am unable to find your original request. In the meantime, I will forward your inquiry to Dr. Alan Chambers.

  4. Hi, I am a retired physician and am very intrigued with the idea of growing vanilla in Florida. I was thinking of setting up a greenhouse in my area, Fernandina Beach to start, a small business. I think vanilla growing would be do-able here in a green house to protect the plants in the winter. I have been to Tahiti and visited a vanilla farm; it has interested me ever since, and I have made extract with the beans I brought home. It is far superior to any store bought.
    I was wondering how I would be able to procure enough cuttings to start my business? Are you in contact with a supplier for your ventures? I would appreciate any help you could give me in this area.
    Thank you for any help you can provide.

  5. Good Morning! We are very excited about this new research on Vanilla Planifiolia in Florida. We are landowners interested in starting a Vanillery . Our la nd offers the shade, humidity and natural structures that support orchid habitat at a large scale. Please reply this comment at
    chamilton21@gmail.com
    Looking forward to hear from you or Mr Chambers

  6. Hi Alan

    My wife and I have just moved from Canada to Florida and looking for land to purchase for farming and are interested in many of the new initiatives you are exploring especially vanilla. We want to grow a few as well to get more familiar while we are locking in land etc and a plan here to farm the natural way. Can you and are you able to let us purchase some plants to try or direct us to the right area? We also could and are willing to assist you in testing etc if you wish.

    Let us know please and excited to here more

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