Enjoy the Florida Sand Pear

If you have ever visited an old homestead in Florida then you are sure to have passed their pear tree.  It seems to have been a staple for many Florida families.  The pear we continue to grow in North and Central Florida does not look anything like a pear you would purchase in the grocery store.  Florida pears are round and gritty inside, giving them the name “sand pears” or “hard pears”.   

Most agree that this pear is Pyrus pyrifolia.  There are many different cultivars of sand pears.  The pears in the grocery store are usually European pears and eaten fresh because of the soft, juicy flesh.  Sand pears, probably a type of Asian pear are rounder, crisper, and only occasionally eaten fresh.  Sand pears are almost never eaten fresh and usually reserved for pies, pear butter, jams, and canning.

If you are lucky enough to have a sand pear in your yard, then you know that they are hardy trees that require very little attention once they are established.  Some are susceptible to fire blight.  A bacterial disease where the tips

of the tree will begin to die back.  The dead wood should be pruned until healthy wood is reached.  The most difficult thing about a sand pear is deciding when the fruit is ready to be harvested.   Which cultivar of sand pear will determine when they are ready to be picked.  Pyrus pyrifolia X communis ‘Hood’ can be ready as early as July.  Other cultivars ripen through November, providing a potentially long season.


Many people will tell you to wait until they start falling from the tree before you begin harvesting.  However, you can usually harvest much sooner and not give half of the crop to the wildlife.  Look for pears that are beginning to turn yellow and will easily pull or snap from the tree.  If you have to twist or tug then they are not ready.  Sand pears will not ripen much after harvest, but the earlier you pick them the less “sandy” or gritty they will taste.

If you want to use them over ice cream, pancakes or for canning, then peel and slice your pears.  A little water and some lemon juice will keep them from turning brown.  Cook them in a pot with sugar and cinnamon.  The amount of sugar is up to you and how sweet you want the pears.  One cup of sugar for 4 cups of pears makes them only slightly sweet.  Also, the more sugar, the thicker the syrup will become.  No matter how you decide to cook your pears, remember to enjoy this unique Florida fruit.     

5 Comments on “Enjoy the Florida Sand Pear

  1. my mom had two sand pear trees. She made the most AMAZING pear preserves, with lemon or with pineapple in them. SCRUMPTIOUS!!!

  2. My grandmother had a tree in yard in Lecanto. She always had gobs of canned pears and made the best pear cobbler. Yummy! I loved picking a pear and eatyit right off the tree. I would dearly love to have a sand pear tree in my yard.

    • Check with your local nursery or garden center to see if they carry any trees. If you are in the North Florida area, we will be having a fruit workshop on October 11th at the Columbia County Extension Office and will have some available at the workshop for sale. We will most likely have ‘Thanksgiving’ which ripen closer to November.

  3. I currently reside in Lady Lake Fl. My property have over 75 of these trees! This property has been vacant for nearly a decade. I am considering doing a weekend Upick and I like the idea of creating a product with the pears. I think they will be fully ripen in 3 to 4 weeks. My trees a are 30 feet tall with an abundant amount of fruit. I feel like if I don’t do anything this season I will regret it.

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