The Cornus of Florida

A problem of anticipation

The feeling is palpable, everyone is ready for spring.  Can you hear them?  The seeds beckoning in their packets, begging for you to bury them beneath the soil.  Every gardener struggles with this dilemma in early spring, but this year will surely be different.  Maybe, just maybe I can get my garden planted.  Eventually, as we wait with bated breath life will peek its tiny shoots through the soil.  Inevitably, harsh reality will set in with the realization that there will be a freeze dowsing your dreams before they take root.

Trying as that may be there is a respite.  A small group of plants has heard your concerns.  These will provide the early spring color we so desperately seek in our landscapes.  The trees and shrubs have answered your cries reaching out in the most beautiful way they know how.  The saucer magnolias (Magnolia x soulangeana) have given us their teacup flowers all purple and perfect.  The azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) are in full swing with all their magnificence shining bright.  There is one tree that stands above them all in Florida landscapes.  This month you’ll begin to see a tree known as the ultimate harbinger of springtime.  This tree so native in the Panhandle that it bears the state’s name within its own.  The tree I am speaking of is the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida).

A tree described

Florida in this instance derives from the Spanish florido meaning “full of flowers”.  This tree will not disappoint on this front.  A very common home landscape feature, it performs well in zones 5-9A.   Growing between 20-30 feet in height with the spread to match, they may be pruned to a single trunk or allowed to grow in multiples to fit the landscape.  This tree is known for spring color, and thrives in both sun and shade.  Sometime between March and May, a splash of white or pink (sometimes red, cultivar dependent) lasting several weeks will rear up amid your winter scenery.

The showiness of this plant is not a flower, but a protective leaf structure known as bracts.  The true flowers are small yellow to green clusters in the center of these bracts.  Depending on the site conditions, the foliage turns maroon and the flowers to red berries in the autumn.   The spring flowers, and later berries are a useful   food source for pollinators and local birds respectively.

More information

Flowering Dogwoods is a valuable addition to any gardener’s plot and fits right into a Florida Friendly Landscape.  For more information on these trees, see this Ask IFAS document, or contact your local extension agent for additional information on this and any topic regarding your gardens and more.



Posted: March 8, 2022

Category: Florida-Friendly Landscaping, Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension

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