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Aerial image of airboat and aquatic vegetation

What’s the Buzz?: Drone Technology in Aquatic Plant Management

By: Jonathan Glueckert, Biologist with UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (CAIP)

If you take a quick scroll through your social media feed, you’ll probably see spectacular aerial images of landscapes and architecture. While these images are amazing to see, did you know that each of these photos can be used to gather useful data and information?

Although they were first developed for military use, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), more commonly known as drones, have evolved to be used in commercial and consumer markets. The invention of small, affordable aircrafts and the implementation of civilian regulations by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has opened the floodgates for industries like law enforcement, real estate, construction, agriculture, and even invasive plant management.

Florida’s abundance of freshwater aquatic habitats coupled with a semi-tropical climate supports a wide range of nuisance and invasive aquatic plants such as hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata), water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), and water lettuce (Pistia stratoites).

Management agencies, like the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC), monitor these aquatic plants with regular field observation and lake surveying. These monitoring efforts are conducted on 60 thousand acres across the state of Florida.

With the consideration of limited resources, these surveys are typically limited to an annual cycle. While these surveys remain an indispensable tool, adopting unmanned aerial technology could expand the possibilities for aquatic plant management programs.

UF/IFAS CAIP  is working to develop an aquatic plant monitoring program using aerial imagery captured by UAVs. This program will use UAV technology to enhance lake surveys for lake management agencies. Implementation of this program will increase the frequency of data collection events and allow managers to develop better aquatic plant management plans.

Aerial image of water with aquatic plants and boat

Figure 1: Aerial image captured from a UAV during a CAIP mapping flight. UAV’s are operated from the deck of a skiff, allowing the remote pilot to access the area of interest and maintain visual line of sight of the UAV throughout the operation.

In this program, aerial imagery is used to map invasive plant infestations. Remote pilots routinely photograph over 1,000 acres of aquatic plant infestations within a flight time of around four to five hours. These high-resolution images are collected and stitched together to create a detailed, accurate photo representation of an area and are geometrically corrected to create a map known as an orthomosaic or orthophoto.

The evolution of unmanned aerial technology has the potential to significantly impact the future of aquatic plant management. The addition of this technology into the toolbox of lake managers can complement existing monitoring techniques by increasing the frequency of surveys, strengthening the quality of datasets, and ultimately enhancing the implementation and
planning of aquatic plant management activities.

Aerial image of aquatic vegetation

Figure 2: Orthomosaic of a Limnophila treatment. Images captured with a UAV and stitched together with Drone Deploy. Day of treatment (left) and 7 days after treatment (right).


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This blog post was written by Jonathan Glueckert a biologist with UF/IFAS CAIP. Questions or comments can be sent to the UF/IFAS CAIP communications manager at

Follow UF/IFAS CAIP on social media at @ufifascaip. Read more blogs like this one on the UF/IFAS CAIP blog.

UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Turning Science Into Solutions.