Skip to main content
Cattleyas love to grow on trees!

Orchids grow on trees!

We have all heard the saying: “Money doesn’t grow on trees!”, but here in South Florida, orchids grow on trees.
Most people only see orchids growing in pots, but in nature, most of them grow on trees.

Epiphytes NOT parasites!

Epiphytes are a fascinating group of plants, which include many species from the bromeliad family, as well as the orchid family. Epiphytes are “air” plants that survive on moisture and nutrients in the atmosphere. They merely use trees as anchors where the right conditions of light and moisture are being met.

Tillandsias are also epiphytes (air plants).

Orchid seeds are like dust. Once their seed capsule bursts, the minuscule seeds, so small they sometimes travel across oceans on air currents, will bump into a tree trunk, settle there, and germinate in a symbiotic relationship with beneficial fungi on the tree.
This is how they reproduce in nature.  Picture a dandelion that goes to seed, and you will get an idea of how it works with orchids, except epiphytic orchid seeds won’t grow in soil, only on trees, wood and sometimes rocks, depending on the species.

Orchids are epiphytes; they attach to trees, but don’t actually penetrate the bark (which is the mark of a parasite). The best trees for orchids are those with bark that has good texture, and is “groovy”.  This gives the seed a place to nestle and be protected while it germinates and grows.

We can imitate nature

If you have lots of trees, especially those with nice groovy bark, (even trees in pots on a patio), you can attach an orchid to them.  Before you do, though, you need to know the kind of orchid you have and what it prefers: full shade, partial shade or full sun.

Know what they need

Most of the orchids you buy in the store will be Phalaenopsis, or Dendrobium;  Phals prefer the shade, and Dens prefer more sun.  Oncidiums need shade, and Vandas and Cattleyas more sun.

This Cattleya sp. is very happy in my Jackfruit tree.

A good gardener is observant. In this case, take a good look at the tree you want to mount your orchid to. Determine which kind of sun it gets; does it get morning sun or afternoon, all day, or part of the day?  Is the tree deciduous or evergreen?  All of these factors will influence your decision on which orchid to put where.

This is how you do it:

1. If your orchid is in a pot, remove the pot and all of the potting materials.  You should see some roots coming from the base of the orchid plant; this is where you want to tie it snugly to the tree.

2. Find an old T-shirt, pantyhose, or sock and cut some strips about 1/2-1 inch wide; then stretch it out to make a tie.  Flexibility is important, so you don’t strangle the plant as it grows; eventually the tie will disintegrate and as the roots begin to grow on to the tree, the tie is no longer necessary at all.  The length will depend on the branch or trunk you are tying it to.  Give yourself enough to wrap it around a couple times.

3. Hold the orchid by the base where the roots start to grow; this is the best point to attach it.  Just wrap it a couple times so that it is right up against the trunk or branch and there is no movement.  They need to make firm contact.

Notice how the roots have adhered to the tree and the tie is barely visible.

You will see how happy your orchid becomes, and how quickly it grows into a specimen plant that will surprise you year after year with colorful, carefree blooms.

After awhile, you won’t even know it was YOU who planted it there.

Aftercare

Depending on your orchid species and observations, give it a spray with the hose during dry spells, or position it near a sprinkler, where it will get some additional moisture.  It may not need any.  My orchids have come through hurricanes unscathed and still blooming on their beloved trees.

Be sure to place your orchids where you can notice them blooming, because they will!  If you have a failing orchid inside the house, tie it to a tree and watch it come back to health.  Orchids are forever plants of unsurpassed beauty, bringing natural color and interest to our landscapes.

Unfortunately, money doesn’t grow on trees, but orchids DO!

 

 

31 Comments on “Orchids grow on trees!

  1. Great info Donna. I am working on removing my orchids from their pots of the next week. I have already replanted several into wooden baskets but I love the idea of attaching them to trees. I did this in Pompano Beach but not in DeLand until now. Again, I am enjoying your blogs. You go girl!!! Sorry if this is not politically correct. Dianne

    • Does it freeze in Deland? Thanks for your encouraging words! I do enjoy writing about my garden and spreading the knowledge I have gained here in the last 25 years.

  2. Wonderful article! I look forward to moving a few of my babies onto a tree. What a great way to make use of our humidity.

  3. Thank you! That you are sharing the information is the best encouragement. Best wishes with your orchids; they will love it!

  4. I no longer keep any orchids in pots.
    After they drop their flowers, I cut off the spent flower spikes, trim back the pot bound roots and move them out into the trees.

    I use strips of old panty hose to attach the orchids. Panty hose is very elastic and holds the orchids snug against the tree bark. It will eventually disintigrate, leaving the orchid and tree in a true epiphitic relationship.

    If you appreciate the sunlight requirements of the different orchid types, you will have great success

    • I agree! They are so much happier and easier to maintain on a tree that meets their light requirements. As for the pantyhose, I haven’t worn those in years! They work well if you have them, but t-shirt or any flexible cotton fabric works as well. Thanks for the tips.

  5. I bought an orchid at Home Depot and moved it into my crape myrtle when it finished blooming. Wish I could figure out how to post a picture,,, It has three bloom spikes coming along now, and the roots are spreading nicely to secure it. It needed protection when it got cold recently but other than that completely carefree and looking very happy! (Fleming Island, near Jax FL)

    • Regrettably, down here in South Florida with the iguana invasion, the blooms are a favorite food. I am lucky if I bloom lasts more than a day or two before it is eaten. Typically the pseudobulbs and leaves will not be eaten, but then you can’t enjoy the flowers, so be warned.

      • Hi Luis,
        I hear what you are saying, but even if you grow them in pots, and you have a lot of iguanas around, the blooms will be eaten. I have all my orchids, probably close to 100 on trees and rarely have a problem. If you have an infestation of iguanas, you may want to hire a trapper to help control them. It is a serious problem for all or our landscape plants.

    • Great article! I recently moved a sad, little, indoor orchid out into the palm tree in our front yard. I have been amazed by the successful root growth and it is just now starting to grow a new baby leaf! I’m concerned about protecting it during the winter. If we get a freeze ( in Orlando, FL), what do I do?

      • It is amazing how much they prefer to be “free”! If you get a hard freeze, then you can wrap a cloth around it. Should be OK. Not plastic, or it will cook it when the sun comes out.

  6. Thank you for the nice compliment. Your additional advice is helpful, and I thank you for that as well. Happy Gardening!

  7. Thanks for the information. Should I cut off the stem where the flowers were before I attach it to the tree?

    • Thank you. Depending on the type of orchid, sometimes it’s best to leave it because, until it turns completely brown, it could rebloom on that spike and/or is getting nutrition from it as it senesces. Hope this helps!

  8. This blog article and the comments were exactly what I needed to push me to move my orchids to my trees! The blooms are starting to come off of the potted plants… so, time to move to a tree!

    Question: do I put a moss base under the orchid to attach it to the tree?

    Thank you!!

    Kim B

    • Hi Kim,
      No, you do not have to put any moss. It’s better if you just attach snugly and let the roots attach to the trunk.
      Best Wishes,
      Donna

  9. Donna, when should we divide our orchids? I have one cluster, very green, seldom a bloom. One that is struggling and hasn’t bloomed for years with very little growth. Each orientated appropriately.

    • Michael, I am assuming they are in pots? The one that seldom blooms is most likely not getting enough sun. What kind is it? The struggling one, if not already on a tree, should be placed on one. That usually heals them. If it is on a tree, it may not be in the right amount of light, or not receiving enough moisture; again, what kind is it?

  10. have been enjoying 4 orchid plants on my palm tree in boca raton, this has been my best. I cut off some of the dead last year, pls advise best way to prune them. Thx

    • I don’t usually do any pruning when they are on trees. If they are turning brown, they may not be getting enough water or too much sun, or have come loose. Be sure they are attached snugly. You can cut off the dead parts if you wish.

  11. Thank you for all the great info. I just retired and am planning on a move very soon from Alabama to the Apopka area. Lots of great trees for attaching orchads and looking forward to becoming more familiar with growing these beauties on trees.

    Second question. Does anyone have any recommendations on where to purchase good quality orchards in the central Florida area? I know there is a shop in downtown Winter Park, however, I haven’t been able to get parking reasonably close to visit.

  12. I’m in central Florida, my happiest orchids have crawled out of the pots. I have put several on palm boots, but would like to mount on trees.
    I’m concerned with how to protect from the cold . . . suggestions please & thank you!

    • Hi Wanda,
      I don’t suggest mounting on palm boots, because they tend to fall off, and then your orchid goes with it. Trunk is OK, though, or other trees and palms, depending on the orchid and their sun/shade requirements. How likely is it to freeze where you are? Short of 32 degrees, they are safe. You can cover them with cloth if you suspect a hard freeze. Hope this helps, Donna

      • I remove newer boots, wire 2 together, mount orchid in the middle & hang, not sure of longevity, yet. It can get pretty cold here. We have taken them in, hung christmas lights, covered individuals, piled up & covered with old camping tents (with bottom removed). Determined to get them out of pots, this year has been too rainy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *