West Nile Virus Detected in Florida, First 2015 Case

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The main transmitter of the West Nile virus in the southeast is the species C. quinquefasciatus. Eliminating puddles and small containers of water can greatly reduce this mosquito’s population. Photo credit: CDC/Jim Gathany (2003) Click here for more info from the CDC.

The First 2015 case of West Nile Virus in Florida was announced on July 24, 2015. For more information, view the ABC News segment below-

For UF-IFAS news, read the UF-IFAS Newwise segment on WNV

Read more about the vector, Culex nigripalpus, in the UF-IFAS Featured Creatures.

Dr. Rutledge-Connelly, Dr. Day, and Dr. Tabachnick from the University of Florida, Florida Medical Entomology Lab in Vero Beach have a UF-IFAS publication entitled “What is West Nile Virus?” In Florida, citizens are advised to protect themselves from mosquito bites. Also, it is always important for homeowners to remember that standing water can serve as a breeding ground for unwanted mosquito populations. For WNV in particularly, horse owners are advised to vaccinate horses against WNV.

Transmission: Mosquitoes transmit WNV after feeding on infected birds-the mosquito/bird/transmission cycle. For more information on the transmission of WNV, please read the information provided at– Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Symptoms: Symptoms of WNV, such as fever, headache, tiredness, nausea, and vomiting, may be easily confused with other diseases. Also, only about 20% of the people who are infected will develop symptoms. For more information, visit the information available at the- World Health Organization

Surveillance: The appearance of dead birds in an area might be an early warning that the virus is present. Dead birds should be reported by contacting the local county Department of health office or by entering the information on the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission’s dead bird reporting web site at: http://legacy.myfwc.com/bird/default.asp

 

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Female southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, ovipositing an egg raft. Photograph by Sean McCann. Click here for more info about this species from UF Dept. of Entomology.

 

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Source: CDC.gov

More information:

CDC PSA:

West Nile Virus Publications – English/Español

Sentinel chicken tested positive for WNV in Pinellas county

Florida Dept. of Health

 

References:

Hill, Stephanie and Roxanne Connelly, C. University of Florida. Southern House Mosquito. Featured Creatures. 2013. Accessed 8/10/2015 – http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/aquatic/southern_house_mosquito.htm

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. West Nile Virus. Accessed 8/10/2-15 – http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Animal-Industry/Education/For-the-Community/Animal-Disease-Information/West-Nile-Virus

World Health Organization. West Nile Virus. Fact sheet # 354. July 2011. Accessed 8/10/2015 –  http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs354/en/