If it’s Halloween, it’s time for a pumpkin: Tips on purchasing, carving or eating

It’s almost Halloween, so you might be in the market for a pumpkin to greet your trick-or-treaters. But not just any pumpkin – a jack-o’-lantern. If you are, now is the time to buy one.

“A lot of people want a jack-o’-lantern,” said Bob Hochmuth, assistant director of the UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center-Suwannee Valley. “Demand is very high.”

Carved pumpkin. Courtesy, UF/IFAS photography.

With a couple of exceptions, few pumpkins grow in the Sunshine State, because of heat, humidity and white flies, Hochmuth said. Most jack o-‘lantern pumpkins Floridians buy are shipped from states in the Northeast and the Carolinas.

A good jack-o’-lantern has a strong stem and does not show signs of mold, said Danielle Treadwell, a UF/IFAS associate professor of horticultural sciences.

“The best — biggest, most unique — decorative pumpkins usually sell out early,” Treadwell said.

If you invest in one of these, keep it cool and dry, out of direct sunlight, preferably in the house, in the air-conditioning, and place it on a sheet of wax paper or parchment to protect your furniture and countertops from damage, she said.

Additional Treadwell tips on buying and preparing your pumpkin for carving: 

  • Avoid pumpkins with fruit or stems that have a cotton-like or powdery coating on them. It may cause the pumpkin to soften more quickly, and it may be difficult to carve.
  • You can wash stems and fruit with room temperature water and a soft brush. Make sure the fruit and stem dry quickly, and don’t let moisture remain on the fruit.
  • Limit the number of days the pumpkin is outside in Florida. If the weather is dry and warm, and your display location is out of direct sun, you can put the pumpkin out a few days before Halloween – as long as you’re not carving it. If you are carving it, you can put it out on Halloween.

How do you get the seeds out and what can you do with them?

Pumpkin seeds. Courtesy, Andrea Nikolai, UF/IFAS.
  • Scoop out the seeds with a large metal spoon and put them into a bowl. The seeds can be separated by hand, or by sieving in a colander or over a narrow-gauge wire rack — similar to the kind you use to cool cookies.
  • Wash and dry the seeds with a paper towel.
  • Roast the seeds with a little olive and salt (or garlic powder, paprika, cayenne, etc.), spread on a cookie sheet lined with parchment at 350 to 375 degrees. Keep a close eye on them; stir them a few times. They should be done in 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Seeds from a pie pumpkin are likely to be more tender and flavorful than a large carving pumpkin since pie pumpkins are selected for their flavor, and carving pumpkins are not.

Now that you’ve removed what’s inside the gourd, you’re ready to carve it.

“If you seek a pumpkin to carve, select ones that have enough surface area to create the face or other image,” Treadwell said. “Some people prefer wide and short ones — which are best for wide grins — while others seek tall narrow ones, which are great if you want to include eyes, a nose and a mouth.”

There are two types of pumpkins: Those you carve (Cucurbita pepo) and pie pumpkins (Cucurbita moschata).

Making pumpkin pancakes

In addition to carving the pumpkin and eating seeds, you can make traditional pumpkin pancakes, said Andrea Nikolai, family and consumer sciences agent and a registered dietitian for UF/IFAS Extension Polk County.

Here’s Nikolai’s recipe:

You need —

  • 2 cups of flour
  • 1 tablespoon of baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon of cinnamon
  • ½ teaspoon of pumpkin pie spice
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 tablespoons of oil
  • 1 ½ cups of low-fat milk
  • ¾ of a cup of canned pumpkin or pumpkin puree
  • 2 tablespoons of brown sugar.
  • 1/4 cup of pancake batter.



Mix 2 cups of flour, 1 tablespoon baking powder, 1 teaspoon cinnamon, and ½ teaspoon pumpkin pie spice (mix of cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, and allspice) in one bowl.

In another bowl, mix together 2 eggs, 2 tablespoons oil, 1 ½ cups low-fat milk, ¾ cup canned pumpkin or pumpkin puree (from your pumpkin) and 2 tablespoons brown sugar.

Add the bowl with the eggs to the other bowl and mix just until the dry ingredients are moistened.

Pour about ¼ cup of pancake batter onto a lightly oiled preheated pan.

Pancakes are ready to flip when the edges start to look a little dry and you can see small bubbles forming on the pancake surface. Flip and cook about another two minutes (or until golden brown).


The mission of the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) is to develop knowledge relevant to agricultural, human and natural resources and to make that knowledge available to sustain and enhance the quality of human life. With more than a dozen research facilities, 67 county Extension offices, and award-winning students and faculty in the UF College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, UF/IFAS brings science-based solutions to the state’s agricultural and natural resources industries, and all Florida residents.

ifas.ufl.edu  |  @UF_IFAS


Feeding a hungry world takes effort. Nearly everything we do comes back to food: from growing it and getting it to consumers, to conserving natural resources and supporting agricultural efforts. Explore all the reasons why at ifas.ufl.edu/food or follow #FoodIsOurMiddleName.



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Posted: October 3, 2023

Category: UF/IFAS
Tags: Andrea Nikolai, Bob Hochmuth, Carved Pumpkin, Danielle Treadwell, Family And Consumer Sciences, Halloween, Horticultural Sciences, North Florida Research And Education Center-Suwannee Valley, Pie Pumpkin, Pumpkins

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