Seguridad en el Huerto

Picture credit: Jose Zayas, UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County.
Youth participants planting a school garden. Picture credit: Jose Zayas, UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County.

¡Llego la Primavera!

La humanidad desde sus comienzos ha tenido que proveerse de sus necesidades básicas para mantenerse vivo. El albergue y el alimento es una de las necesidades más importantes. En estos momentos de crisis que vive el mundo es necesario capacitarse en como producir nuestro propio alimento en caso de una crisis alimentaria mundial. Este escrito les dará una visión clara de cómo producir sus alimentos en su hogar con más frescura y salud para su familia en compania de sus hijos.

Vamos a definir lo que es un HUERTO. Un HUERTO es un predio de terreno o lugar en el cual se cultiva y desarrollan hortalizas, frutas y farináceos que luego se consumirán en el hogar. Al sembrar en nuestras casas o entornos obtenemos muchos beneficios. Podemos mencionar que se suple a la familia y amigos de hortalizas, frutas y farináceos frescos durante todo el año. Aumentamos el consumo entre los niños de los frutos de la tierra y hacemos ejercicio trabajando en el huerto. Todos sabemos que el sabor de lo fresco es mucho mejor.

Seguridad en el HUERTO

Esta pequeña guía les ayudará a no tener accidentes mientras estén trabajando en el HUERTO, ya sea comunal, casero o escolar.

  1. Protección contra los rayos del sol: usar protector solar.
  2. Utilizar camisas de manga larga.

    Picture credit: Jose Zayas, UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County.
    Picture credit: Jose Zayas, UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County.
  3. Utilizar gafas de sol o seguridad.
  4. Utilizar sombreros o gorras.
  5. Utilizar guantes para protección de las manos.
  6. Verificar que no hayan animales o insectos dañinos antes de comenzar a trabajar para evitar mordeduras o picadas.
  7. Saber utilizar y conocer las herramientas del huerto: pala, rastrillo, sembrador, asperjadora, pico, azada, machetes, etc.
  8. Leer y entender las etiquetas de los abonos y plaguicidas a utilizar, si la etiqueta del producto está en inglés y no la entiende, debe buscar ayuda.
  9. Estar bajo supervisión de un adulto en todo momento (en el caso de menores).
  10. Tener agua cerca todo el tiempo: para tomar necesitará agua limpia y fresca, para regar y para limpiar en caso de accidentes.
  11. Tener un botiquín de primeros auxilios en caso de cortaduras o picadas.
  12. Duda o preguntas llamar a la oficina de Extensión de tu condado para mas detalles.

Siempre debemos aplicar la seguridad al trabajar en el HUERTO. Comencemos por escoger el lugar en nuestra casa o comunidad donde sembraremos. Es importante conocer las plantas debido a que algunas se siembran a pleno sol y otras necesitan sombra. Por ejemplo, el quimbombó, tomates, pimientos, ajíes (tanto dulces como picantes), berenjenas, cebolla, repollo, melón, habichuelas, calabazas y maíz son plantas que requieren y se siembran a pleno sol. La lechuga, cilantrillo y recao (culantro) requieren un poco de sombra. Para todas las plantas, debemos observar por cual lado de nuestra casa sale y se pone el sol: para sembrar de este a oeste. Tomemos en consideración que vivimos en el estado de la Florida donde las temperaturas son más altas a partir de esta temporada de primavera.

Les recomiendo que las plantas reciban al menos de seis a ocho horas de sol al día preferiblemente. Nuestro terreno debe ser uno suelto con gran contenido de materia orgánica. Si no lo es, debemos repicar el suelo y quizás conseguir un poco de “top soil” o composta y mezclarlo. También podemos sembrar en envases como pailas, cubos, gomas o tiestos. Podemos comprar o conseguir tierra en las casas agrícola o tiendas especializadas. En el Condado de Hardee, el Programa 4-H, comenzo a desarrollar huertos en dos escuelas y la estamos pasando de maravilla. Para más información comunícate a la oficina de Extensión del Condado de Hardee, FL al 863-773-2164.

Mucho éxito!!

Bowling Green Elementary School Garden Project UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County
Picture credit: Jose Zayas, 4-H Extension Agent Bowling Green Elementary School Garden Project UF/IFAS Extension Hardee County
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Posted: March 28, 2019


Category: 4-H & Youth, Agriculture, Clubs & Volunteers, UF/IFAS Extension
Tags: 4-H, Agriculture, Gardening, UF/IFAS


Comments:

Jonael

March 8, 2022

During the time they require the brooder they do not need a run. Constant temperature and protection from drafts is the most critical part for their development at this point.

Donna Castro
February 18, 2022

Thank you for this! I am in the process of obtaining my first little backyard flock and am feeling a bit intimidated by this whole brooder issue. This really helped me feel more confident! I have a coop set up and ready, but also wanted to provide a run. Do these have to be connected? Can I train the birds to go into it and then back to the coop at night? Thank you for your help.

Jonael

December 14, 2020

Not that I am aware. Maybe watch weather pattern differences because these can affect the germination time.

Becka
December 13, 2020

any special requirements or things to be extra aware of in zone 9B-10, im right on the cusp?

Manuel
November 10, 2020

Corto y conciso, francamente maravilloso el post. Mas que nada porque para mi, familiarizarse con los requerimientos particulares de cada animal es sin dudas lo mas esencial en la cría.

Jose Zayas

March 29, 2019

Saludos: espero estar traduciendo todos mis "blogs" para el beneficio de todos! Gracias

Edson Silva
March 29, 2019

Me da gusto que este post este en espanol espero que sigan poniendo mas

Jonael

August 9, 2018

UF has also released flies to manage fire ants. Bottom line: there is nothing more effective right now than chemical control right now.

Irene
July 25, 2018

University of Texas are studying agricultural control of fire ants with a species of phorid flies. Is this something we are trying in Florida as well? Fire ant mounds are very difficult to control and they can easily take over a yard. I have tried several different product without any good results. I am trying some products by Amdro, Siege, and Extinguish next. If there were any better natural products available I would much rather use than spreading chemicals.

Braden Bills
March 9, 2018

I was thinking it would be fun to have a food plot for the local wildlife. It makes sense that a good location would be important! I'll be sure to find a place that deer have access to.

Carolyn Wyatt
August 10, 2017

Well done, Marissa.

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August 10, 2017

Great article, Marissa.

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