2017 Corn Variety Trial Results from the Panhandle
The results are in for the 2017 Panhandle Corn Variety Trial. This summarization includes 2017 field corn small plot replicated variety trial (OVT) from the West Florida Research and Education Center in Jay, Florida. It shows the performance of the following 23 field corn varieties in the OVT:
- AgriGold A6499VT2RIB
- AgriGold A6544VT2RIB
- AgriGold A6572VT2RIB
- AgriGold A6659VT2RIB
- AgriGold A6711VT2PRO
- DeKalb DKC 64-35
- DeKalb DKC 65-94
- DeKalb DKC 66-59
- DeKalb DKC 67-44
- DeKalb DKC 68-26
- DeKalb DKC 70-27
- Dyna-Gro D57VP51
- Dyna-Gro D58VC65
- Dyna-Gro D58VC37
- Dyna-Gro CX17117
- Syngenta N76A-3000GT
- Syngenta N78S-3111
- Syngenta N83D-3111
- Terral REV 25BHR26
- Terral REV 28R10
- Terral REV 28BHR18
- Croplan 5290 DGVT2P/RIBCPF
- Croplan 5678 VT2P/RIB
The trial began on 21 March, 2017, field corn varieties were planted at 2.2 seed/ft. (32,000 seed/A) under strip-tillage in a Red Bay fine sandy loam soil which had been planted to cotton in summer 2016. Plots were four rows spaced 36 in. apart (12 ft wide) by 25 ft long. Corn varieties were replicated in four randomized complete blocks. Prior to planting any vegetation present was killed with an application of Roundup at 1 qt./A. Dual Magnum (1.3 pt/A) + Atrazine (3 pt/A) were applied 22 March 2017. Fertilizer (27.9-5.1-10.1) was applied at 888 lb/A on 19 April. Roundup at 22 oz./A was applied 2 May for weed control. The fungicide Priaxor was applied at 8 oz./A on 11 May for disease control to the OVT trial. Data was collected from the two center rows of each plot. Plots were harvested on 14 August.
Rainfall in Jay, FL for April and July of 2017 was below average, while for May was 2.84 inches above average, June was 12.94 inches above average and August was 3.08 inches above average Average represents the mean for the past 55 years of records kept at WFREC, Jay.
Table 1. Weather conditions during 2017 field corn trial.
Total Rainfall (in)
|Average minimum air temperature (oF)||Average maximum air temperature (oF)|
|April||3.05 (1.75 below average)||57.3||79.6|
|May||7.34 (2.84 above average)||61.7||83.3|
|June||20.34 (12.94 above average)||70.3||84.4|
|July||2.50 (5.55 below average)||72.4||90.3|
|August||9.60 (3.08 above average)||72.4||88.7|
Stand count for all varieties ranged from 1.7 to 2.2 plants/ft (25,340 to 31,800 plants/A). All varieties except REV 28BHR18 had populations in excess of 28,500 plants/A. Corn lodging was 5% or less for all varieties tested. Corn yield ranged from 193 to 252 bu/A. Several varieties produced more than 225 bu/A including AgriGold A6659, Dyna-Gro D57VP51, D58VC37, CX17117, Syngenta N83D-3111 and Terral REV 25BHR26. These varieties are shown in bold in the table below. The varieties A6499, N76A, N78S and 5290 had yields less than 210 bu/A. Test weights were in a range from 50.6 to 58.3 lb/bu (56 lb/bu is the standard test weight for shelled corn). A6499, A6572, A6711, D58VC65, D58VC37, 5290 and 5678 had test weights greater than 57 lb/bu while DKC 66-59, DKC 70-27, N76A and N78S had test weights lower than 55 lb/bu. NOTE THAT THIS REPRESENTS ONLY YEAR OF DATA.
Table 2: OVT field corn variety percent lodging, test weight and yield, Jay, FL 2017.
|Brand||Hybrid||Ear Height (inches)
*Determined from counts of two, 25-ft rows per plot.
LSD = Fisher’s Protected LSD (P=0.05)
Varieties with yields 225 bu/A or more are in bold.
Several varieties were evaluated in both 2016 and 2017 with a few in 2015, 2016 and 2017 (Table 3). Dyna-Gro 57VP51, Terral REV 25BHR26 and DeKalb DKC 70-27 had yields above 215 bu/A when averaged over two years while Dyna-Gro D57VP51, Syngenta N83D and Terral REV 25BHR26 yielded in excess of 200 bu/A when averaged over three years.
Table 3. Multi-Year Corn Variety Performance, WFREC, Jay, FL (2015-2017).
|Brand||Variety||2017||2-Year Average||3-Year Average|