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Nonvenomous Rat Snake

Venomous and Nonvenomous Snakes in Florida

Venomous and nonvenomous snakes are a natural part of the Florida environment. Unfortunately, many people suffer from ophidiophobia –  which is a strong anxiety toward all snakes (Schaefer 2019).  Having increased knowledge of which snakes are venomous and which snakes are not venomous can help keep people out of harm’s way, and make communities safer in Florida for both people and snakes.

Red Rat Snake

Nonvenomous rat snake photo credits: Ken Gioeli

According to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, there are 44 native species of snakes in Florida (FWC 2021).  Snakes are found in residential areas as well as natural areas such as forested uplands, coastal mangroves, and freshwater wetlands.  Only six species of snakes in Florida are venomous.  They include the eastern coral snake, the eastern copperhead, the cottonmouth (water moccasin), eastern diamond-backed rattlesnake, timber rattlesnake, and the dusky pygmy rattlesnake.  UF/IFAS has a publication “How to deal with unwanted wildlife in urban areas” for those people in need of advice about unwanted snakes in their yards.  It should be pointed out that snakes play a beneficial role in the environment by helping reduce rodent populations which can destroy crops and spread diseases to people.

Below are some resources I find particularly helpful when teaching people about venomous and nonvenomous snakes in Florida.
Florida Museum of Natural History – Identify a Florida Snake

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission – Florida’s Venomous Snakes

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission – Florida’s Nonvenomous Snakes

FWC. 2021. Living with Snakes [Retrieved online 10/11/2021]
Schaefer, J. (2019) Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an Urban Environment. [UF/IFAS EDIS] Publication WEC20.

The mission of the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) is to develop knowledge relevant to agricultural, human and natural resources and to make that knowledge available to sustain and enhance the quality of human life. With offices in each of Florida’s 67 counties, UF/IFAS Extension works to bring science-based solutions to the state’s agricultural and natural resources industries, and all Florida residents.

UF/IFAS Extension programs are open to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, age, disability, religion, or national origin.