Low Maintenance Florida-Friendly Alternatives to Turfgrass Lawns

Lawns planted with turfgrass can require a lot of maintenance. Bahia grass is a drought-tolerant turfgrass with minimal pest and disease problems and a low nitrogen requirement. St. Augustinegrass has a high demand for water and fertilizer and is affected with chinch bugs and fungal diseases. Many homeowners are looking for a lower maintenance alternative to turfgrass. Here are some options for alternative lawns for Florida:

perennial peanut
Perennial peanut is a great alternative lawn. Photo: Tia Silvasy, UF/IFAS

Perennial Peanut

Scientific name: Arachis glabrata
Cultivars: ‘Ecoturf’, ‘Arblick’, ‘Florigraze’
Plant Status: not native
Mowable: yes
Flowers: yes, yellow edible pea flowers
Butterfly host plant: no
Notes: may reduce growth, freeze back, or go dormant in the winter. This plant fixes nitrogen and requires little fertilizer. Read more about establishing perennial peanut in this EDIS publication or watch this YouTube video.

Sunshine mimosa
Sunshine mimosa is a native option for an alternative lawn. Photo: Tia Silvasy, UF/IFAS

 

Sunshine Mimosa

Scientific name: Mimosa strigillosa
Plant Status: native
Mowable: yes
Flowers: yes, pink powderpuff flowers
Butterfly host plant: yes
Notes: may reduce growth and go dormant in the winter. Be careful it spreads and may need a barrier. Good for easements. Read more about mimosa on Gardening Solutions.

 

Frogfruit
Frogfruit growing as an alternative lawn. Photo: Tia Silvasy, UF/IFAS

Frogfruit, also known as Fogfruit

Scientific name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Status: native
Mowable: yes
Flowers: yes, small purple and white flowers
Butterfly host plant: yes, for the phaon crescent, buckeye, and white peacock
Notes: may go dormant in the winter, cannot withstand heavy foot traffic. Read more about frogfruit from the Florida Wildflower Foundation.

 

Asiatic Jasmine

Asiatic jasmine
Asiatic jasmine is a great groundcover to fill the space instead of a lawn. Photo: Tia Silvasy, UF/IFAS

Scientific name: Trachelospermum asiaticum
Cultivars: ‘Bronze Beauty’, ‘Goshiki’, ‘Long Leaf’, ‘Snow and Summer’, ‘Summer Sunset’, ‘Variegatum’
Plant Status: not native
Mowable: no, looks best when trimmed
Flowers: yes, but often trimmed before flowering
Butterfly host plant: no
Notes: does well in shade, requires frequent pruning, not meant to be walked on. Learn more about asiatic jasmine.

Twinflower

Twinflower alternative lawn
Twinflower growing as an alternative to a turfgrass lawn. Photo: Dena Wild

Scientific name: Dyschoriste oblongifolia
Plant Status: native
Mowable: no, or mow at the highest height
Flowers: yes, purple flowers
Butterfly host plant: yes, for Buckeye butterfly
Notes: a low growing evergreen wildflower that serves as a groundcover. Buy plants from native plant nurseries Learn more about twinflower.

 

 

Multispecies lawns

oakleaf fleabane
Oakleaf fleabane can be a wildflower growing in a multispecies lawn. Photo: Tia Silvasy, UF/IFAS

There are many other species of groundcovers and low growing plants that can be used in an alternative lawn that are mowable. Some native species include oakleaf fleabane, elephant’s foot, lyre-leaved sage, white clover, and spiderwort. Try a small patch and see what works in your yard. They require special management; let it grow in the winter and wait until after flowering and seeding to mow. Mixed together, they can be a beautiful display of wildflowers that is green, covers the soil, and attracts pollinators!

 

Want to learn more? Check out horticulture classes offered by UF/IFAS Extension Orange County on Eventbrite. Read about Florida-Friendly Landscaping™. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and visit our website https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/orange/home-lawns-landscapes-and-gardens/florida-friendly-landscaping/.

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Posted: June 11, 2021


Category: Florida-Friendly Landscaping, Home Landscapes, Horticulture, Lawn, Natural Resources, UF/IFAS Extension
Tags: Butterfly, Fertilizer, Florida Native, Florida-Friendly Landscaping, Garden, Gardening, Horticulture, Landscape, Lawn, Lawn Alternative, Ocextension, Orange County, Perennial Peanut, Tsilvasy, Turf, Twinflower, Ufifasextension, Water Conservation, Wildflower, Wildflower Lawn


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