Tiny, but tough – the Everglades tomato

By Ralph E. Mitchell

If tiny tomatoes smaller than the classic cherry tomato are of interest, then Everglades tomatoes may be what you are looking for! Apparently this wild tomato has worked its way into our summer vegetables gardens and onto our plates. I grew one this spring and was surprised by the results!

I obtained a single plant from a Master Gardener volunteer who was passing extra seedlings out to interested individuals. That one plant grow into a massive sprawling bush about four feet wide and over six feet long. Growing to several feet tall before it flopped over, my attempts to confine it to a single support stake failed as it overtook one large spot in garden. Then it began to produce in abundance – lots of tiny (dime-sized), rich-flavored fruit. The skin is very tender and I squished many as I tried to pick these tomato pearls with my sausage fingers. Beyond a few tomato hornworms and something eating a few fruits at night, this tomato out-performed itself. In other words, I could not keep up with it!

An interesting fact about the Everglades tomato is that it is a different species than our normal garden variety types. While we normally grow Solanum lycopersicum, the Everglades tomato is Solanum pimpinellifolium, a wild type ancestor originating from Ecuador and Peru. More commonly called a currant tomato due to its small size, this species is very durable and indeterminate – it grows at least twelve feet long/tall.

The Everglades tomato will hybridize with other species and is considered important in tomato breeding for disease resistance. Otherwise, it has naturalized in places outside its range including the Galápagos Islands and Florida. You cannot find the seeds or plants at most local garden centers, but they can be found with an Internet search at specialty seed companies. Propagation can also be performed with rooted cuttings directly from the plant.

I found the Everglades tomato to be a gardening experiment I always wanted to try. I was successful (perhaps too successful), but would recommend this tiny treasure for its unique nature in growth, production and flavor. It is fun to experiment with new edibles, especially ones that can take the summer heat! Add Everglades tomatoes to your summer garden wish list! For more information on all types of vegetables that can be grown during our challenging summers, please call our Master Gardener volunteers on the Plant Lifeline on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 1 to 4 pm at 764-4340 for gardening help and insight into their role as an Extension volunteer. Don’t forget to visit our other County Plant Clinics in the area. Please check this link for a complete list of site locations, dates and times – https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/media/sfylifasufledu/charlotte/docs/pdf/Plant-Clinics-Schedule1.pdf. Ralph E. Mitchell is the Director/Horticulture Agent for the Charlotte County Extension Service. He can be reached at 941-764-4344 or ralph.mitchell@charlottecountyfl.gov.

Resources:
Setzer, K. ( 2014) Wild ‘Everglades’ Tomato is Ideal For South Florida Gardens. Fairchild Botanic Garden – Miami Herald Article.
Slatner, K. (2014) Wild Florida Everglades Tomato. Master Gardener Landscaping of Fort Lauderdale. http://mgonline.com/articles/tomato.aspx
Coudal, N. (2016) Tiny Everglades Tomato is Nonetheless Big On Taste. Farm, Featured, Food – http://floridafoodandfarm.com/featured/tiny-everglades-tomato-is-nonetheless-big-on-taste/
Wikipedia, Solanum pimpinellifolium https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_pimpinellifolium

0


Posted: June 25, 2019


Category: Agriculture, Florida-Friendly Landscaping, Fruits & Vegetables, Home Landscapes, Horticulture
Tags: Everglades Tomato, Solanum Pimpinellifolium, Summer Vegetables, Wild Tomato


Comments:

J SMITH
February 14, 2022

Can you address frost damaged mature avocado trees? 95% leaves and early flower buds are brown and brittle.

Lin Vance
February 1, 2022

Thanks, Ralph! I needed a bit of reassurance that all will be well.

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January 30, 2022

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George
December 15, 2021

Leaving aside the whole idiotic concept of “invasive species” which should be expunged from the scientific lexicon (we, and every animal and plant in Florida are all from somewhere else, it’s just a matter of when), Richardia Grandiflora is a spectacularly beautiful plant that thrives without irrigation or fertilizers. We should welcome this little plant into our communities, not try to kill it. The bees certainly love Florida Snow. I wish my entire acreage were covered with this gift from nature. I would like to see methods to encourage its growth and health, not just recommendations on how to destroy it. And just who elected the members of “The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council” (now changed to be more PC to the “Florida Invasive Species Council” https://floridainvasivespecies.org/index.cfm). Not me. Who granted them the power of life and death over everything that lives in my state? Not me. Seems to me this “council” is a simply self appointed group of academics with a made up “official sounding” name (and 501c3 status to avoid taxes while being funded by grants from taxpayers). They display a stunningly authoritarian arrogance and a misguided political agenda that many if not most Floridians do not agree with. All life must be respected; not just the plant and animal species deemed “acceptable” by these unelected “guardians”.

George
December 15, 2021

Leaving aside the whole idiotic concept of “invasive species” which should be expunged from the scientific lexicon (we, and every animal and plant in Florida are all from somewhere else, it’s just a matter of when), Richardia Grandiflora is a spectacularly beautiful plant that thrives without irrigation or fertilizers. We should welcome this little plant into our communities, not try to kill it. The bees certainly love Florida Snow. I wish my entire acreage were covered with this gift from nature. I would like to see methods to encourage its growth and health, not just recommendations on how to destroy it. And just who elected the members of “The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council” (now changed to be more PC to the “Florida Invasive Species Council” https://floridainvasivespecies.org/index.cfm). Not me. Who granted them the power of life and death over everything that lives in my state? Not me. Seems to me this “council” is a simply self appointed group of academics with a made up “official sounding” name (and 501c3 status to avoid taxes while being funded by grants from taxpayers). They display a stunningly authoritarian arrogance and a misguided political agenda that many if not most Floridians do not agree with. All life must be respected; not just the plant and animal species deemed “acceptable” by these unelected “guardians”.

Linda Ginsberg
October 22, 2021

I left you a message today. I have a beautiful purple queen and a purple prince and not sure what to do with them over the winter. Not sure of my zone but it can get very cold. I don't know if we should plant them outside or bring them inside. They have been on our deck. We have a Florida room with a southern exposure. We are in Central MD. (Hagerstown, 21742) Are they considered perennials? I would appreciate any advice you could pass along. Thank you!

Jennie Roque
October 16, 2021

I had a great deal of success with Pentas coming back each year (and I have a black thumb)! I am now building in Laurel, MS and I am wondering if they would do the same here. Thanks.

Nate M
October 14, 2021

Thanks for the write up on this variety! Are there any other cultivars of this grass that are ornamental? Chartreuse foliage or differing variegations? This is such an under utilized ornamental.

Betty Staugler

October 5, 2021

Hi Patrick... Thanks for your questions. I do not have a pic, but basically would look like streaks of milky water. Scientist confirm spawns by pulling a very fine mesh net and looking for eggs under the microscope. Regarding your second question, snook are considered a saltwater fish regardless of where they are fished, so saltwater rules apply including seasons, bag limits, size and saltwater fishing license with snook endorsement. See this blog on fishing license rules: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/charlotteco/2016/11/01/staying-legal-with-florida-fishing-license-rules/

Betty Staugler

October 5, 2021

Hi Patrick... Thanks for your questions. I do not have a pic, but basically would look like streaks of milky water. Scientist confirm spawns by pulling a very fine mesh net and looking for eggs under the microscope. Regarding your second question, snook are considered a saltwater fish regardless of where they are fished, so saltwater rules apply including seasons, bag limits, size and saltwater fishing license with snook endorsement. See this blog on fishing license rules: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/charlotteco/2016/11/01/staying-legal-with-florida-fishing-license-rules/

Patrick
October 4, 2021

Can you send a pic of a spawning snook? If fishing in freshwater and catching freshwater snook, is there a season on harvesting freshwater snook?

Patrick
October 4, 2021

Can you send a pic of a spawning snook? If fishing in freshwater and catching freshwater snook, is there a season on harvesting freshwater snook?

John Newbold
September 13, 2021

My Everglades Palm, planted a year ago has six 20 ' tall canes and about 15 lesser canes. Two of the tall canes have died. Should I cut off some of the short canes to force more nutrients to the taller canes? I do not want all ot taller canes to die. I purchased this specimen palm from a nursery in St, Augustine. they planted it professionally, they fertlilized it as they planted it. I have not fertilized it since it was planted I am in Crescent City, Florida on Lake Crescent. The plam is on high ground and is watered with my lawn.

John Newbold
September 13, 2021

My Everglades Palm, planted a year ago has six 20 ' tall canes and about 15 lesser canes. Two of the tall canes have died. Should I cut off some of the short canes to force more nutrients to the taller canes? I purchased this specimen palm from a nursery in St, Augustine. they planted it professionally, fertlilized it as they planted it. I have not fertilized it since it was planted I am in Crescent City.

Ken Tibbetts
September 12, 2021

I found out about Evergldes tomatoes in my local Cape coral newspaper, and went on the internet to see where to purchase the seeds. My wife and I love the little grape tomatoes in our salads and I thought, after seeing how hardy they are in a video, that I just had to buy some seeds...which I did. My gardening thumb is a deep purple, so I hope I don't screw up trying to grow my own little Everglades tomatoes. Wish me luck!

Ken Tibbetts
September 12, 2021

I found out about Evergldes tomatoes in my local Cape coral newspaper, and went on the internet to see where to purchase the seeds. My wife and I love the little grape tomatoes in our salads and I thought, after seeing how hardy they are in a video, that I just had to buy some seeds...which I did. My gardening thumb is a deep purple, so I hope I don't screw up trying to grow my own little Everglades tomatoes. Wish me luck!

Margaret Butler
September 11, 2021

When should you prune back the flowers? And should it be pruned to the ground? Green stalk and all leaves? I thought I read just after the first freeze, the whole plant needs to be cut back, and cover with compost. Thanks in advance for answering my questions!

David Craig
September 3, 2021

I have wanted this plant since I first saw it. I now have a new start and an wondering what kind if pests it attracts. My passion vine (potted) has become nothing but a nursery for catipillers. I want to replace it with the sky vine.

David Craig
September 3, 2021

I have wanted this plant since I first saw it. I now have a new start and an wondering what kind if pests it attracts. My passion vine (potted) has become nothing but a nursery for catipillers. I want to replace it with the sky vine.

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September 1, 2021

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September 1, 2021

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August 31, 2021

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Dorothy Stewart
August 30, 2021

I have small wasps building underneath the hose hanger. So far, they haven't been aggressive. However, they are really close to the back patio door. I believe in live and let live but there are quite a few now. When I move the hose, they swarm around and then settle down. Should I destroy the nest or just wait until all the babies hatch?

Dorothy Stewart
August 30, 2021

I have small wasps building underneath the hose hanger. So far, they haven't been aggressive. However, they are really close to the back patio door. I believe in live and let live but there are quite a few now. When I move the hose, they swarm around and then settle down. Should I destroy the nest or just wait until all the babies hatch?

Yvonne Florian
August 16, 2021

This is very handy information! I usually catch any lubbers I find in old, clean peanut butter jars and put them in the freezer to kill them. I also save insects to feed to my chickens. Good to know that they contain a toxin. But freezing them and then disposing of them is easier than squishing them. You can also tell you have them by the noises they make- sort of a loud clicking or ticking sound in and around the crinum plants in the landscape. This does seem to be their favorite plant, though I have found them on Arecca palm and mullberry trees. Thanks, Ralph!

Yvonne Florian
August 16, 2021

This is very handy information! I usually catch any lubbers I find in old, clean peanut butter jars and put them in the freezer to kill them. I also save insects to feed to my chickens. Good to know that they contain a toxin. But freezing them and then disposing of them is easier than squishing them. You can also tell you have them by the noises they make- sort of a loud clicking or ticking sound in and around the crinum plants in the landscape. This does seem to be their favorite plant, though I have found them on Arecca palm and mullberry trees. Thanks, Ralph!

kenny
August 15, 2021

great post

Dee
August 14, 2021

Thank you for explaining this invasive ll category of the green shrimp plant. We have a butterfly garden and had a very difficult time finding a green shrimp plant. You’re right about it breaking off at the base of the stem. We’ll watch that it not take over our garden. Rick and Dee Schwartz

Dee
August 14, 2021

Thank you for explaining this invasive ll category of the green shrimp plant. We have a butterfly garden and had a very difficult time finding a green shrimp plant. You’re right about it breaking off at the base of the stem. We’ll watch that it not take over our garden. Rick and Dee Schwartz

Janet due
August 12, 2021

My friend gave me a slip off of her Oriental pineapple and I am going to see how my luck runs with this one I start other pineapples by just using the crown off the top when I buy one at the supermarket and I have really good luck with getting pineapples I have shared this with other friends and they are getting good results

Janet due
August 12, 2021

My friend gave me a slip off of her Oriental pineapple and I am going to see how my luck runs with this one I start other pineapples by just using the crown off the top when I buy one at the supermarket and I have really good luck with getting pineapples I have shared this with other friends and they are getting good results

T Maxon
August 9, 2021

This is the 2nd year that we have been overran with millipedes. They do not necessarily come into our house, but by the garage doors wow!!! We put down Sevin powder and we guessed that inside 2 days there were over a million (maybe more) dead along the driveway and garage doors. In 15 years we have never see a millipede and last year they overran us. We have a cropland of CRP abutting our property for 15 years or so and 6 years ago they started planting crops (corn, soybeans), would this have anything to do with the millipedes. Thanx for any info you can offer.

Robert Parsons
August 7, 2021

I have a bonasi desert rose,and it arrived with 2 flowers on it. Is this a very slow growing bonasi. Seem like it take forever to grow its leaves. Is this normal.

Robert Parsons
August 7, 2021

I have a bonasi desert rose,and it arrived with 2 flowers on it. Is this a very slow growing bonasi. Seem like it take forever to grow its leaves. Is this normal.

P Hutchinson
August 3, 2021

I’m in Sarasota and have a beautiful Ylang Ylang tree! It was a 4 month old sapling that was about 3 ft in a pot in March 2020. I bought it at the Edison & Ford Estates. It now planted and thriving at about 12 feet. It just started blooming last month and it’s gorgeous and of course smells delicious. I can send pictures if you like.

John
July 27, 2021

I wish we'd stop promoting non-native plants and push harder for the natives. I understand Florida-friendly, but Florida native is even better. Let's place more emphasis on what our wildlife has grown up with. Thanks!

Wendy Comerford
July 26, 2021

I have a standard hibiscus plant, 3 years old potted in a large clay pot on my back deck facing south, full sun. The leaves are green and have occasional yellow leaves. It has a lot of buds but they all fall fall off. No blooms, I have it on drip irrigation and it gets about 1 gal. per day, I have tried all kinds of blooming fertilizers. I don’t see any insects, At the beginning of spring it was blooming 3 to 4 flowers per day. I have no blooms in the last 6 to 7 weeks. Please, please help me figure out what I am doing wrong. I have tried Nelson Hibiscus plant food and Flower Fuel 1-34-32. I have spent more time and money and stress on what I really wanted to be a feature plant. I also want one more potted plant (large fiberglass) In the full sun but am having a hard time because I’m scared of making another mistake. I wanted a Dwarf Meyers Lemon Treeor Tangerine Tree but can’t find one in Florida.

Wendy Comerford
July 26, 2021

I have a standard hibiscus plant, 3 years old potted in a large clay pot on my back deck facing south, full sun. The leaves are green and have occasional yellow leaves. It has a lot of buds but they all fall fall off. No blooms, I have it on drip irrigation and it gets about 1 gal. per day, I have tried all kinds of blooming fertilizers. I don’t see any insects, At the beginning of spring it was blooming 3 to 4 flowers per day. I have no blooms in the last 6 to 7 weeks. Please, please help me figure out what I am doing wrong. I have tried Nelson Hibiscus plant food and Flower Fuel 1-34-32. I have spent more time and money and stress on what I really wanted to be a feature plant. I also want one more potted plant (large fiberglass) In the full sun but am having a hard time because I’m scared of making another mistake. I wanted a Dwarf Meyers Lemon Treeor Tangerine Tree but can’t find one in Florida.

Wendy
July 26, 2021

I have a standard hibiscus plant, 3 years old potted in a large clay pot on my back deck facing south, full sun. The leaves are green and have occasional yellow leaves. It has a lot of buds but they all fall fall off. No blooms, I have it on drip irrigation and it gets about 1 gal. per day, I have tried all kinds of blooming fertilizers. I don't see any insects, At the beginning of spring it was blooming 3 to 4 flowers per day. I have no blooms in the last 6 to 7 weeks. Please, please help me figure out what I am doing wrong. I have tried Nelson Hibiscus plant food and Flower Fuel 1-34-32. I have spent more time and money and stress on what I really wanted to be a feature plant. I also want one more potted plant (large fiberglass) In the full sun but am having a hard time because I'm scared of making another mistake. I wanted a Dwarf Meyers Lemon Treeor Tangerine Tree but can't find one in Florida.

Wendy
July 26, 2021

I have a standard hibiscus plant, 3 years old potted in a large clay pot on my back deck facing south, full sun. The leaves are green and have occasional yellow leaves. It has a lot of buds but they all fall fall off. No blooms, I have it on drip irrigation and it gets about 1 gal. per day, I have tried all kinds of blooming fertilizers. I don't see any insects, At the beginning of spring it was blooming 3 to 4 flowers per day. I have no blooms in the last 6 to 7 weeks. Please, please help me figure out what I am doing wrong. I have tried Nelson Hibiscus plant food and Flower Fuel 1-34-32. I have spent more time and money and stress on what I really wanted to be a feature plant. I also want one more potted plant (large fiberglass) In the full sun but am having a hard time because I'm scared of making another mistake. I wanted a Dwarf Meyers Lemon Treeor Tangerine Tree but can't find one in Florida.

Gabi Baum
July 24, 2021

I don't know, when the seeds are ready. When they are green, I asume, they are not ripe yet. When starting to get brownish, the seeds become brown and mushy. So, how do you propagate them? Gabi

Gabi Baum
July 24, 2021

I don't know, when the seeds are ready. When they are green, I asume, they are not ripe yet. When starting to get brownish, the seeds become brown and mushy. So, how do you propagate them? Gabi

Ed H
July 19, 2021

It’s a shame that the master gardener page is only on Facebook . There are a lot of people that don’t trust Facebook because of their reputation with people’s information. I know your information can be compromised online but I would trust my use of the site online but not on Facebook. Thanks if there is a site online I would love to know as a former landscaper transplanted from Chicago who used the horticultural extension office there to answer questions I would love to know

Ed H
July 19, 2021

It’s a shame that the master gardener page is only on Facebook . There are a lot of people that don’t trust Facebook because of their reputation with people’s information. I know your information can be compromised online but I would trust my use of the site online but not on Facebook. Thanks if there is a site online I would love to know as a former landscaper transplanted from Chicago who used the horticultural extension office there to answer questions I would love to know

Cynthia Myers
July 18, 2021

What type of mango is in the picture?

Cynthia Myers
July 18, 2021

What type of mango is in the picture?

Terri
July 11, 2021

Do you have to deadhead the spent blossoms?

Ruth
July 8, 2021

We have planted and propagated Thungergia grandiflora along a fence in our yard. It is growing very vigorously, covering the fence beautifully, and has also taken off up a large oak tree.Do you think this poses any risk to the tree that should concern us? The vine paused in its growth over the very mild winter this year but stayed green. We are in zone 9b in central Florida. Thanks for your guidance.

Ruth
July 8, 2021

We have planted and propagated Thungergia grandiflora along a fence in our yard. It is growing very vigorously, covering the fence beautifully, and has also taken off up a large oak tree.Do you think this poses any risk to the tree that should concern us? The vine paused in its growth over the very mild winter this year but stayed green. We are in zone 9b in central Florida. Thanks for your guidance.

Susan Bailey
June 29, 2021

Its an addictive plant.. Lol I have around 80 double and triple bloomers. Very few singles. I love the fat belly. My oldest plant is 20 yrs old. Just love them all.

Terri
June 24, 2021

I love these little spectacular bursts of flavor~from my Everglades tomatoes! They have been popping up as “Volunteers” at my home for 24 years. I have given my family seeds and shared with friends. It’s very time consuming to harvest the seeds ~ they are so tiny. I love a handful in my salads. And, they’re adorable with mozzarella and basil for cocktail hour. They grow very well in pots with a tomato cage as these mighty plants can grow 12’ in length. I live in Jupiter, Florida.

Terri
June 24, 2021

I love these little spectacular bursts of flavor~from my Everglades tomatoes! They have been popping up as “Volunteers” at my home for 24 years. I have given my family seeds and shared with friends. It’s very time consuming to harvest the seeds ~ they are so tiny. I love a handful in my salads. And, they’re adorable with mozzarella and basil for cocktail hour. They grow very well in pots with a tomato cage as these mighty plants can grow 12’ in length. I live in Jupiter, Florida.

Kathy Gourley
June 20, 2021

Like to know more about the tomatoes and where to get the seeds

Kathy Gourley
June 20, 2021

Like to know more about the tomatoes and where to get the seeds

Country Records
June 20, 2021

Great illustration of beauty.

Country Records
June 20, 2021

Great illustration of beauty.

linda vanbenschoten
June 17, 2021

can I print this article? I want to share the info with my Summer Camp kids?

linda vanbenschoten
June 17, 2021

can I print this article? I want to share the info with my Summer Camp kids?

Max Dromgoole
June 15, 2021

Greetings Andy. My husband and I live in Port Charlotte now, and wondering how your Waterkeeper group is coming along. Regards, Max D

Jeanie
June 9, 2021

I can't get my photos into here.

Jeanie
June 9, 2021

This caterpillar ate all my pentas! A striking, cool, brown one with eyespots down both sides! An Elephant Hawk caterpillar, part of the Sphinx moth family?!

Mary-Ellen Saur
June 8, 2021

Would like to learn more.

Mary-Ellen Saur
June 8, 2021

Would like to learn more.

Veronita Parker
June 2, 2021

Very interesting. I have heard, all the plant is very toxic.Is this true?

Patsy Awtrey
June 1, 2021

I have desert rose in a pot inside. Over the winter the branches have grown like 12 inches high. One branch is bare. The other had 4 leaves. 2 have dried up and died. I have new growth coming out side 4 inches from base. Like a sprout with new leaves. My question is to trim or not trim tall branches? I read instructions about gloves and clean clippers And advise appreciated.

Patsy Awtrey
June 1, 2021

I have desert rose in a pot inside. Over the winter the branches have grown like 12 inches high. One branch is bare. The other had 4 leaves. 2 have dried up and died. I have new growth coming out side 4 inches from base. Like a sprout with new leaves. My question is to trim or not trim tall branches? I read instructions about gloves and clean clippers And advise appreciated.

Lucy THOMPSON
June 1, 2021

Love desert rose!!!

Lucy THOMPSON
June 1, 2021

Love desert rose!!!

Betty Staugler

June 1, 2021

Hi Don... Snook season has been closed during peak spawning months (May through August) for many years. It would have been a long time ago when you could cut open a spawning snook during the peak months. So I suspect you are not seeing it because snook season is closed during most of the spawning season. Research scientists often find female snook loaded with eggs during the spawning seasons. Females will typically be a little larger than males and those fish caught closer to the Gulf passes will be more likely to have developed gonads.

Betty Staugler

June 1, 2021

Hi Don... Snook season has been closed during peak spawning months (May through August) for many years. It would have been a long time ago when you could cut open a spawning snook during the peak months. So I suspect you are not seeing it because snook season is closed during most of the spawning season. Research scientists often find female snook loaded with eggs during the spawning seasons. Females will typically be a little larger than males and those fish caught closer to the Gulf passes will be more likely to have developed gonads.

Betty Staugler

June 1, 2021

Hi Justin... Snook need at least 28 parts/thousand salinity (80% strength of ocean salinity) in order to successfully spawn. Sperm gets activated at these salt levels and the eggs become buoyant. According to snook scientist Dave Blewett, snook that choose to skip spawning and spend their summer in a freshwater river on in the low salinity brackish waters of the bay will not even gear up at all physically for spawning. Both males and females remain dormant and don't even try to spawn in these habitats. Most spawning along the Gulf coast, occurs near the passes in SWFL from May thru October, but locations can expand depending on the salinity levels within a given estuary during any given year.

Betty Staugler

June 1, 2021

Hi Justin... Snook need at least 28 parts/thousand salinity (80% strength of ocean salinity) in order to successfully spawn. Sperm gets activated at these salt levels and the eggs become buoyant. According to snook scientist Dave Blewett, snook that choose to skip spawning and spend their summer in a freshwater river on in the low salinity brackish waters of the bay will not even gear up at all physically for spawning. Both males and females remain dormant and don't even try to spawn in these habitats. Most spawning along the Gulf coast, occurs near the passes in SWFL from May thru October, but locations can expand depending on the salinity levels within a given estuary during any given year.

Don
June 1, 2021

Have never caught a mature snook during spawning season with eggs in tact. Could you comment on why this is occurring? Have caught well over 200 plus fish over the years during this time and have never encountered any eggs.

Don
June 1, 2021

Have never caught a mature snook during spawning season with eggs in tact. Could you comment on why this is occurring? Have caught well over 200 plus fish over the years during this time and have never encountered any eggs.

Nancee Stegman
May 31, 2021

.netinterview questions reddit

Nancee Stegman
May 31, 2021

.netinterview questions reddit

Mary Penn
May 27, 2021

I have a parrot that is allowed out in the yard. If I plant this, is the fruit edible for the bird?

Mary Penn
May 27, 2021

I have a parrot that is allowed out in the yard. If I plant this, is the fruit edible for the bird?

Hurricane Hashtags
May 26, 2021

Awesome! Hit the link if you want to get the Hurricane Hashtags https://trending-hashtag.com/hurricane-harvey-hashtags-2021/

Roger GRUNKE
May 21, 2021

This happens in Tampa, Florida, as well! With my first crop of pimpinellifolium, once the summer rains started, the vegetables were besieged by mold (late May). I trashed the plants into the compost heap. This past December I spread the compost into new beds -- carefully leaving curbed pathways to be able to harvest the fruit comfortably. As I hovered with care over the 10 or so sprouts, that I started in peat thimbles, I began to notice hundreds sprouting out in the "not yet planted beds," from the old seeds. Forget the pathways, they are climbing the fencing, the banana trees -- and to my delight...there are varieties that I did not plant the first year! So, they interbred.

Roger GRUNKE
May 21, 2021

This happens in Tampa, Florida, as well! With my first crop of pimpinellifolium, once the summer rains started, the vegetables were besieged by mold (late May). I trashed the plants into the compost heap. This past December I spread the compost into new beds -- carefully leaving curbed pathways to be able to harvest the fruit comfortably. As I hovered with care over the 10 or so sprouts, that I started in peat thimbles, I began to notice hundreds sprouting out in the "not yet planted beds," from the old seeds. Forget the pathways, they are climbing the fencing, the banana trees -- and to my delight...there are varieties that I did not plant the first year! So, they interbred.

Francis
May 21, 2021

Dear Sir, How to get the seeds of Giant Potato Tree ( Solanum Macranthum ) OR Brazilian Giant Star Potato Tree seeds . Is it possible to ship to Thrissur, Kerala, India Regards Francis

Francis
May 21, 2021

Dear Sir, How to get the seeds of Giant Potato Tree ( Solanum Macranthum ) OR Brazilian Giant Star Potato Tree seeds . Is it possible to ship to Thrissur, Kerala, India Regards Francis

Stacy
May 18, 2021

Are the leaves edible as an herb?

Stacy
May 18, 2021

Are the leaves edible as an herb?

Robert
May 16, 2021

Having moved back to Prescott, AZ from SW Florida. I decided to see how tough the Everglades Tomato really is. High desert Prescott will certainly be a test with low humidity, daily temperature variation of typically 30 degrees, occasional strong dry winds and lots of unfiltered atmospheric sunshine. My seedlings have sprouted. I will follow later in the season concerning my results.

Robert
May 16, 2021

Having moved back to Prescott, AZ from SW Florida. I decided to see how tough the Everglades Tomato really is. High desert Prescott will certainly be a test with low humidity, daily temperature variation of typically 30 degrees, occasional strong dry winds and lots of unfiltered atmospheric sunshine. My seedlings have sprouted. I will follow later in the season concerning my results.

Zeen joy
May 11, 2021

very awesome and best information

Zeen joy
May 11, 2021

very awesome and best information

Ed H
May 6, 2021

Thanks for this page I fell in love with these little lilies when I moved down here in 1995 . I didn’t know you could buy bulbs till a few years ago and I am playing catch because I thought they were a wild flower which I tend to leave alone. .

Me Con
May 6, 2021

I only this year started letting my 9 year old stay home alone, and it's only under necessary circumstances (she was sick with something contagious, I needed to take her brother to daycare around the corner and didn't want to expose the other kids by bringing her inside, and it's way too hot here to leave a kid in the car). 4 is way too young. Don't question your child any further (you don't want to be accused of coaching the answer). Call your lawyer Monday and find out if this is illegal in your state (my state doesn't actually have a specific age on the books, but if something happens you can be charged with negligence). Then follow your lawyer's advice from there.

David nickola
May 4, 2021

Ralph thank you so much for your informative article have Fiji Island Palm and noticed the fronds looking really bad Island I then look for article hoping to find what the problem was and I was amazed to come across your article and your suggestions for treatment of the palm frond skeletonizer I followed your directions for treatment and hope it gets better I can only tell you how much I appreciate your master gardener class and and hope you are doing fine the Weeping Yaupon Holly guy,David nickola

Josephine Melton McGovern
April 27, 2021

My late husband ordered this plant and I received it before hi funeral. I want to keep this alive as it is very special to me. Any suggestions is extremely appreciated.

Josephine Melton McGovern
April 27, 2021

My late husband ordered this plant and I received it before hi funeral. I want to keep this alive as it is very special to me. Any suggestions is extremely appreciated.

Gwendolyn Whitehead
April 26, 2021

Thank you for the tip on Oleander Caterpillar . I will be keeping and eye out for this . I don’t know know if I can pick them off Myself .

Gwendolyn Whitehead
April 26, 2021

Thank you for the tip on Oleander Caterpillar . I will be keeping and eye out for this . I don’t know know if I can pick them off Myself .

Mohsin Kabir
April 25, 2021

I am glad to see this game details. Thank you very much to share with us.

Joan Charischak
April 24, 2021

Try Dominion - it's a systemic.

Mike Lincoln
April 23, 2021

Forgot to mention that I am in Jacksonville Florida.

Mike Lincoln
April 23, 2021

Forgot to mention that I am in Jacksonville Florida.

Mike Lincoln
April 23, 2021

Which of the leaf-footed bugs is the likely culprit feeding on several of my soapberry trees. They are about or nearly an inch long and often found in small groups, and just as often are in the copulatory position. I don't intend to harm them, just want to know Genus and species. Do you have a way for me to upload a photo if that is necessary for identification? Thanks, Mike

Mike Lincoln
April 23, 2021

Which of the leaf-footed bugs is the likely culprit feeding on several of my soapberry trees. They are about or nearly an inch long and often found in small groups, and just as often are in the copulatory position. I don't intend to harm them, just want to know Genus and species. Do you have a way for me to upload a photo if that is necessary for identification? Thanks, Mike

Donna
April 22, 2021

do millipedes live inside of blueberries? We went to a blueberry farm in Pasco county and really enjoyed the berries. This was a Saturday, on Tuesday after eating almost two #' of berries, I discovered worms in the bottom of my bowl, inch or so long, brown, antenna's. Freaked me right out and I spit out the berries I had just stuck in my mouth, only to find a wiggly one in the mess. There was no sign of worms when we got them home, its like they had been living inside the berry which would really be gross. So, what the heck kind are these things and are they going to make us sick, my whole family did a lot of picking that day and are due to go back again, well maybe not....

Margaret Handelman
April 19, 2021

Can we grow Bush Daisies in Ohio as a perennial? We have seen them in the Southern US and think that they are beautiful! What we are wondering about is if the cold weather in Ohio would kill off the plants. Please advise as we would like to take some back from Georgia to Ohio. Thank you.

Mindee Forsberg
April 17, 2021

You should also say that they are highly toxic if touched. I wish I would have known before touching. I was very sick, puking after propagating.

Mindee Forsberg
April 17, 2021

You should also say that they are highly toxic if touched. I wish I would have known before touching. I was very sick, puking after propagating.

Terrance James
April 15, 2021

What type of fertilizer I can use on desert rose

Sally Raburn
April 15, 2021

I just rec'd some cuttings from the IFAS Extension in Seffner... can't wait to get them going. Great bunch of people working there, very nice and very helpful.

Cheryl Brown
April 15, 2021

Will the papaya recover from being the papaya hornworm feasts? I couldn't figure out what it was and they seemed to be doing well in a cage I built, but noticed they were pretty well munched again. I have seen evidence of the braconid wasp in previous years, but not yet this year. I will start inspecting them and picking them off.

Bunny Rinehart
April 10, 2021

Where can I get cuttings of the blue sky vine. Am willing to pay for them. I live in Fl. We were out driving saw this on a fence do not remember where it was. It was just beautiful.

Bunny Rinehart
April 10, 2021

Where can I get cuttings of the blue sky vine. Am willing to pay for them. I live in Fl. We were out driving saw this on a fence do not remember where it was. It was just beautiful.

Karolyn DiComo
April 10, 2021

Where can I get the plant or seedling to try?

Karolyn DiComo
April 10, 2021

Where can I get the plant or seedling to try?

Justin Smith
April 7, 2021

Can snook reproduce in fresh water and still be fine? I've been told it can't happen. Can anyone help me please.

Justin Smith
April 7, 2021

Can snook reproduce in fresh water and still be fine? I've been told it can't happen. Can anyone help me please.

amy
April 6, 2021

Love your blog, Space Monkey. But you need to use scientific names!!!!

Jc
April 6, 2021

I just ordered a new desert rose for my son we left his old one in the basement and it was too cold and probably caused it to die hopefully the next one will be better taken care of and we will keep it upstairs in the winter

Wanda Rudnick
April 3, 2021

My large desert rose arms are curling over. Is that because of over-watering? I love this plant and I'm trying to make sure it doesn't die.

Sandra
April 2, 2021

I'm growing a container garden and have two of these Everglades tomatoes. They seem to be doing pretty well and are starting to bear fruit! I hope they continue fruiting through the summer. If I dry out some seeds and plant them, is that the best way to propagate them, or is a rooted cutting better?

Ricardo Violante
March 31, 2021

This tree is from Brazil and the name is “Ipê Amarelo” or Yellow Ipê. They are trees from the Cerrado of Brazil.

Ricardo Violante
March 31, 2021

This tree is from Brazil and the name is “Ipê Amarelo” or Yellow Ipê. They are trees from the Cerrado of Brazil.

Betty Staugler

March 30, 2021

Hi Loretta... because most algae do not produce toxins, this would generally not be a concern. The scummy ness seen, often times is composed of diatoms, which are rarely toxic. However if there were a toxic algal bloom of the red tide forming Karenia brevis (a dinoflagellate), and the cells became aerosolized when forced to the surface, it could result in respiratory irritation... but aerosolized is key... meaning the toxin needs to attach to the water vapor/salt spray. Since Langmuir Circulation tends to occur under windy conditions this could happen, but it would be the wind, not the rotating water of Langmuir Circulation that results in aerosolization, and risk would be no different than under normal windy conditions.

Betty Staugler

March 30, 2021

Hi Jillian... the closure is related to the prolonged 2017-2019 red tide. I don't work on the regulatory side so can't speak to why Pasco was included, but I understand the closure was in response to angler concern and fisheries data. That said, FWC is currently seeking angler input regarding the red tide closure of snook, redfish and spotted seatrout via virtual workshops to be held in early April (5, 6 & 8, with the 8th focused on the Tampa Bay area). Your question might be answered during the workshop. See link for details: https://myfwc.com/fishing/saltwater/rulemaking/workshops/

Betty Staugler

March 30, 2021

Hi Jillian... the closure is related to the prolonged 2017-2019 red tide. I don't work on the regulatory side so can't speak to why Pasco was included, but I understand the closure was in response to angler concern and fisheries data. That said, FWC is currently seeking angler input regarding the red tide closure of snook, redfish and spotted seatrout via virtual workshops to be held in early April (5, 6 & 8, with the 8th focused on the Tampa Bay area). Your question might be answered during the workshop. See link for details: https://myfwc.com/fishing/saltwater/rulemaking/workshops/

Jillian Stuper
March 29, 2021

Wonderful article. So informative. May I ask for clarification of the localization of Red Tide? Pasco and Hernando had very little, if any tide detected, even in the most devastating season.

Jillian Stuper
March 29, 2021

Wonderful article. So informative. May I ask for clarification of the localization of Red Tide? Pasco and Hernando had very little, if any tide detected, even in the most devastating season.

Julie
March 26, 2021

Just moved to Jacksonville FL is it okay to plant this in the ground or better in a pot? Thanks so much, Julie

Mary
March 22, 2021

I just received one of these as a gift from a friend I was so excited to put it in the pot .. because we did have a freeze for 2 weeks but I had it inside in the sunlight and it made it lost a few leaves, . But now I repotted it and it is doing well it is a bright pink I am so excited to have this plant because I've never been able to grow them but I know I will this time.. I prayed on it

Loretta P Sweeney
March 21, 2021

I live on the Intracoastal Waterway and have seen this for the first time all day today! Could this be harmful in any way if walking along side the Waterway & breathing the wind that’s blowing & causing it from algae etc?!

SUSAN PB
March 18, 2021

Where do I get seeds for everglades tomato, not cherry but true everglades.

katie cover
March 17, 2021

I'm in Sarasota. Any idea where I could buy one? Haven't been able to find one so far...

Eva Musacchio
March 14, 2021

You should have more information about where is the best place to plant and what kind of watering schedule is needed to keep it healthy in Florida. This does not address any of the key issues about the plant.

Eva Musacchio
March 14, 2021

You should have more information about where is the best place to plant and what kind of watering schedule is needed to keep it healthy in Florida. This does not address any of the key issues about the plant.

Eva Musacchio
March 14, 2021

You should have more information about where is the best place to plant and what kind of watering schedule is needed to keep it healthy in Florida. This does not address any of the key issues about the plant.

Eva Musacchio
March 14, 2021

You should have more information about where is the best place to plant and what kind of watering schedule is needed to keep it healthy in Florida. This does not address any of the key issues about the plant.

Cheryl Sigmond
March 10, 2021

Thank you for replying to my email and for the information about the leaftier caterpillar and ways to get rid of them. There must be hundreds in our community so may just be easier to get rid of the plants and replace with something less tasty. They are planted as a base around ornamental tress so if you have any suggestions please feel free to advise.

Janine Chechanover
March 3, 2021

Hi! I got two plants last year from a co-worker who got them from a customer at Publix. I just couldn't believe how many tomatoes I grew and how delicious they were especially pared with my fresh basil from the garden. I grew them in old cracked recycling bins and old bins that my children had used in college. At the end of the season I got rid of the plants and didn't really think too much about them. Lo and behold right after Christmas, tomato plants started growing again in the bins. They got so big and tangled that we separated them on 2/22/21 and as of today 3/3/21 I have over 80 tomatoes. By the way my daughter is a UF graduate of Water Resources in Engineering and just moved to Seattle and will be starting a new engineering job next week. Her husband and her are both engineers. She loved UF and the agriculture department and the engineering department. She has already passed the licensing exam but must wait to get her license since you have to have five years of work experience. Tampa Gardner

Bill T Paton
March 2, 2021

Is the green mold like stuff on the tree bad? I have alot and alot of holes.

Bill T Paton
March 2, 2021

Is the green mold like stuff on the tree bad? I have alot and alot of holes.

Caryl spurgeon
February 25, 2021

My desert rose was caught in cold I cut soft branches. DO YOU it will come back

Caryl spurgeon
February 25, 2021

My desert rose was caught in cold I cut soft branches. DO YOU it will come back

Patricia Grimson
February 18, 2021

How much are your garlic vines and do you ship to Davie florida. ?

Patricia Grimson
February 18, 2021

How much are your garlic vines and do you ship to Davie florida. ?

Leslie L Edmonds (Critter)
February 17, 2021

Just seen this I really appreciate it. I do want to check into putting these into my yard. Critter Lee

Leslie L Edmonds (Critter)
February 17, 2021

Just seen this I really appreciate it. I do want to check into putting these into my yard. Critter Lee

MICHAEL A KICKLIGHTER
February 12, 2021

I have a desert rose that is under attack by I believe what is a white, feathery pest called mealybugs? Or what else would look white and web-like? What can I do to help it?

MICHAEL A KICKLIGHTER
February 12, 2021

I have a desert rose that is under attack by I believe what is a white, feathery pest called mealybugs? Or what else would look white and web-like? What can I do to help it?

Carol Johnston
February 3, 2021

Are Golden Dewdrops' berries toxic to squirrels?

Ronnie
February 1, 2021

Were can I buy good desert rose seed to plant I live on long island n.y

Ronnie
February 1, 2021

Were can I buy good desert rose seed to plant I live on long island n.y

Ronnie
February 1, 2021

Are can I find good desert rose seeds to buy on long island n.y

Ronnie
February 1, 2021

Are can I find good desert rose seeds to buy on long island n.y

Mary F Moran
January 31, 2021

Can you tell me why my plant flowers but does not produce fruit? The flowers just drop off

Douglas P Pearsall
January 31, 2021

I am moving some pink rain lilies that have been overgrown and shaded out by cast iron plants. The foliage they have is very sparse and spindly. It is Feb. 1 here in Columbia co. FL. Should I cut the foliage off and replant the actual bulb only, some of them are coming out with only the bulb already. I'm not sure if the spindly, lanky foliage will perk up or should it just be removed? We are going to put some in outdoor containers and some in sunny outdoor beds. Please advise. Thank you, Doug Pearsall.

Carolyne moore
January 28, 2021

Will crepe myrtles form a trunk on their own? Mine started from a twig 4 years ago and are @ 7’ tall but no natural trunk is forming. Lots of 7’ twigs from ground level. Suggestions?

John
January 23, 2021

I have had one for 12 years and it's always beautiful. I prune it every spring and it comes back looking better every year. Just waiting for seed pods.

John
January 23, 2021

I have had one for 12 years and it's always beautiful. I prune it every spring and it comes back looking better every year. Just waiting for seed pods.

Betty Staugler

January 21, 2021

Hi Andy... Yes of course. I will email mail you directly.

Andy Mele
January 21, 2021

Great article, Betty. Having participated in the Scallop Search in Sarasota Bay many times, I was shocked to see virtually every sea grass bed covered in macroalgae. And not a scallop in sight, despite over a hundred thousand of the community's dollars over several years. Wonder if the physical structure of the macroalgae impeded the scallops' development or viability? I am in Punta Gorda, email below, and starting a Peace+Myakka Waterkeeper group here. I wonder if you could reach out to me via email and we can talk? Best, Andy

Ronnie
January 17, 2021

I live on long island in new York I am having a problem finding a desert rose near me this time of year do you know I kind find them near me thank you.

Barry
January 16, 2021

I have several potted Epidendrum radicans waiting to be outplanted here in Florida, but I'm unable to find the best time of year to outplant. I assume spring, but am looking for confirmation. Please and thank you in advance.

Barry
January 16, 2021

I have several potted Epidendrum radicans waiting to be outplanted here in Florida, but I'm unable to find the best time of year to outplant. I assume spring, but am looking for confirmation. Please and thank you in advance.

Nancy
December 26, 2020

I planted a small papaya tree in my yard a week ago and noticed the leaves were almost all eaten. I found two of the worms... large now. What do I spray with to protect the plant. Does the dawn dish soap and water work?

Nancy
December 26, 2020

I planted a small papaya tree in my yard a week ago and noticed the leaves were almost all eaten. I found two of the worms... large now. What do I spray with to protect the plant. Does the dawn dish soap and water work?

Samuel Wleh Julius
December 12, 2020

Good day, I love bitter melon and it help me a lot Regards Samuel wleh Julius

Samuel Wleh Julius
December 12, 2020

Good day, I love bitter melon and it help me a lot Regards Samuel wleh Julius

david s tetlow
December 3, 2020

Im new to Gardening and looking for Florida plants .I have some Everglade starts to try out .i have heard alot about the tomato and look forward to the first taste

Gerard Gattereau
November 15, 2020

Good morning, I have had a recurrent issue with moving the everglades palm tree: most attempts have failed. Is there a particular way to transplant those? Please your help is really appreciated. Best Regards Gerard

Dpa Óscar Castro Solano
November 14, 2020

Gracias por la información

Dpa Óscar Castro Solano
November 14, 2020

Gracias por la información

Karen DeSimone
November 9, 2020

I have been searching for a small Jatropha, to be placed in a large pot for my patio. I can not locate one, everyone seems to have one in a 13 gallon container and up. Do you have any ideas of where I could find a 3-5 gallon? I live in SW Florida, zip code 34203. Thank you for any information or suggestions you could provide, Best regards, Karen DeSimone

Jim McFarlane
October 29, 2020

as sections of my yard are covered I need some thoughts on removing it. I suspect then weed-whacked the juice splattered is causing skin irritation. What is the best way to remove around azaleas and firns?

Ginny Street
October 19, 2020

Great info. I don't have this problem but suffered with a similar insect cutting the edges of my green beans. They also rolled up and fed from within. Picking insects off worked best. Appreciate your info!

Tina
October 17, 2020

Is it toxic to dogs?

Joseph Berna III
October 15, 2020

I live in Ludington, MI. I believe it's zone 6. I noticed they are considered a delicate perennial. Planted them early spring of this year on the south side of my cottage which gets a ton of sun. I'm the only person in the area that have them, and they are now at 4' tall. I'm going to do anything I can to help make them come back next spring. The temperatures have been dropping to the upper 30's at night, and their still holding colour. I was thinking of bundling, and cutting them back about 8" above the ground. I can cover them with leaves. Any suggestions? This grass is absolutely beautiful. Especially when the winds blow of the lake.

Sharon Rawlins
October 14, 2020

Hello, I have a question. Visited the Botanical Garden at FSU and saw one of these trees and gave in to irresistible impulse and bought a small potted plant. I did not realize it was so toxic. It is safe to be in the yard? I would hate the put an end to birds and squirrels and rabbits etc. Probably a silly question but I am not a knowledgeable gardener. Thank you, Sharon

Sharon Rawlins
October 14, 2020

Hello, I have a question. Visited the Botanical Garden at FSU and saw one of these trees and gave in to irresistible impulse and bought a small potted plant. I did not realize it was so toxic. It is safe to be in the yard? I would hate the put an end to birds and squirrels and rabbits etc. Probably a silly question but I am not a knowledgeable gardener. Thank you, Sharon

John
October 6, 2020

I read these blogs because I care about the environment and it's future. I'm horrified that you're telling people to go hunt and kill animals and fish. These blogs are about saving species, not killing them. Mentioning kids and family is even worse!! Hunting is killing. Period! Yes it goes on, and always will. To promote it on a site that's set up for saving wildlife and plants is apprehensible. Figure out what you want to do. Save or kill. Please don't put this content on here anymore.

Pam Mann
October 5, 2020

I have an entire front yard of natal plums I have planted here in Flagler Beach one street away from the ocean and they are doing very well except that they have no flowers or fruit. I noticed one of the plants has a bit of a different leaf and it did get a flower on it. I have had them for 14 mos planted in yard, bought at a local nursery. They have spikes and wow they hurt and irritate when I get them on my hands, like a cactus. I can't wait for the fruit so I can try jam etc. My husband did trim them down so they didn't take over since we have so many, but didn't see any flowers or buds before he did. Is is possible that some varieties don't flower or fruit? They do get a lot of sun throughout the day especially morning and afternoon.

Betty Staugler

August 21, 2020

Hi Anthony... Good question and it depends. Snook on the east coast of Florida tend to move around a lot whereas snook on the west coast tend to have a natal estuary. Some work in the Peace River showed that migrations to the river tends to be strongly associated with river levels and prey availability (see https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/charlotteco/2018/10/08/the-importance-of-freshwater-to-estuaries/). A couple studies in SWFL have looked at site fidelity in rivers. One in the Shark River (unpublished) suggests between 20-50% return to river (same spot which would be where a receiver was placed) presumably after spawning (data over 4 years). Another in the Caloosahatchee found that snook that do return to the river leave for approximately 3 months (June-August) presumably to spawn before returning. This study did not indicate the percentage that returned but did say the percentage that did not leave (skipped a spawning year) was about 40% (data over 3 years). Best regards... B

Anthony mccue
August 20, 2020

Do snook return to the same river year after year after spawning example if I caught a 40in fish under a certain bridge what are the chances said fish would return to the same bridge after spawning?

Betty Staugler

August 7, 2020

Hi Matt... Sorry for the delay. A paper by Ron Taylor says the annual reproductive cycle is confined to that period between the vernal (March) and autumnal (Sept) equinoxes when day length and water temperatures are maximal (he doesn't give a specific water temp. and I haven't seen one, but if I do I'll post back here). Day length probably controls the duration of the annual reproductive cycle, and temperature serves as moderator as in other fishes. The beginning of the spawn correlates strongly with the maximum size of the eggs. As for tides, spawning episodes occur during the late afternoon and early evening hours during all lunar phases and all tidal stages. I'm glad you enjoyed the article!

Matt
July 23, 2020

Hello, Great article! What about he effects of water temps and the beginning of the spawn? 75 degrees? Also, is it safe to assume that they will only spawn on an incoming tide? TIA!

Betty Staugler

June 8, 2020

Hi Dan... no, once transition from male to female occurs, it is permanent.

Dan Bach
June 6, 2020

When a snook changes from male to female - do they change back to male?

Kathy
June 3, 2020

Thank you Ralph! I am always looking for potential problems that can occur to Red Brazilian Cloake. This sometimes can help me figure out what is causing my problems while growing the RBCs! My biggest problem for the last 6-8 months has been a constant deterioration of its beautiful leaves! Almost all the leaves turn yellow and fall off, mostly on the inside of the plant. Other leaves curl up around edges and then turn a crispy brown. Many of the same leaves have random holes in them all over and over time the leaves deteriorate and die completely. My educated guess after doing a lot of reading about problems that can occur with these plants is that caterpillars eat the leaves probably causing nutrient deficiencies that cause all affected leaves to die! I tried many natural remedies to stop this from happening to no avail! I started to use Thuricide on my RBCs and also bogainvelias; it seemed to get better but then the same thing keeps happening over and over again. I am guessing that I must have a bad infestation. I had not seen any of these caterpillars until one night I decided to play detective and went out around 11:00 pm. I did find on huge slimy worm and took him off and got rid of him. As there must be umpteen hundreds of species of caterpillars I don't know if the Thuricide is working and apparently I need to keep spraying the leaves both sides of course to truly get rid of the infestation! I will start doing this regularly but this beautiful plant is really starting to make me think this may not be worth it. The constant reading, researching, experimenting with the many possible causes and then no improvements is Depressing and discouraging! This plant when healthy is truly beautiful and unique! If you have any advice or can recommend how to find a Red Brazilian expert or enthusiast will you please let me know? Thank you ever so much! Kathy Green

Alma Dean
April 17, 2020

Awesome plant! I’m growing several voodoo lilies in my backyard. I don’t know species I have. Over the past 3 to 5 years, they were about 5-6 inches tall. But this year each stalk or leaf is almost 5 feet tall. Each leaf produced several flowers (I am assuming they are the the lily-like sheath with one petal that contains a long pencil shaped surrounded with many beads). About a month ago, prior to the rapid and appearing to still be growing, there was a smell I thought was coming from my frequently visiting possums. The stalk is light green with dark green bands. They remind me of giraffe legs only green in color. What’s interesting is that researching this lily, the propagation method included bulbs and other but nothing about airborne. I found another much younger one about 20 feet away in my yard. I would love to know the species. I’m also a new Master Gardener in Miami Dade County.

alicia accardi
March 20, 2020

Well said and well done!

spacemonkey

February 21, 2020

Dear Gardener, Thank you for your inquiry! No, while cigarette beetles are interested in a wide number of stored food products, they are not a noted pest of honeybee hives and are different than the small hive beetle – please see here- http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/bees/small_hive_beetle.htm

Robert William Henderson
February 18, 2020

Are these cigarette beetles relative to Hive beetles who love bee hives?

Betty Staugler

January 13, 2020

Hi Bill... Thank you for your comment. Finger mullet are prey for many different fish species including red fish, bluefish, tarpon, Spanish mackerel, jack crevalle, and snook… so they are vey ecologically important. And certainly if snook find finger mullet at the right size they are going to gorge themselves on them. Finger mullet however tend to have a particular habitat so they are not as big of a driver as pinfish are in the Charlotte Harbor estuary. For snook it's all about prey size and there's much more pinfish and minnow available to them in their preferred size range. This is not the same for all estuaries. In the Indian River estuary for instance, finger mullet are the primary driver. That is much more of a eutrophic system and doesn't support the seagrass that we have here. Because we have much more seagrass habitat, we have much more pinfish and other bait species that depend on seagrass habitats. Hope this help. I am glad you enjoyed the post. Betty

William (Bill) Muir, Ph.D.
January 10, 2020

Thank you for your excellent review of Snook. You mention that a major portion of snook diet is pinfish and minnows as the top tow prey items. I was under the impression that mullet fingerlings were a major prey fish due to their massive numbers in the Charlotte Harbor Estuary. If not, what is the role of mullet in our Estuary.

spacemonkey

November 21, 2019

Dear Gardener, Thank you for your inquiry! I am assuming you are taking about Podocarpus. We would need a positive identification of the problem before recommending any remedy. Decline such as this in Podocarpus can have several causes. How long did it take from the start of these symptoms until now? One issue could have been too much water. Does this site drain well, or was there any standing water during the summer? Once established, Pododcarpus are medium in drought-tolerant, but like well-drained soil. If it is not well-drained it could be more susceptible to organisms such as Armillaria Root Rot – please see here - http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/care/pests-and-diseases/diseases/armillaria-root-rot.html Was there any application of herbicides nearby that might have gone off-target? What is your water source? If the plant are irrigated with well water, Podocarpus have low tolerance to salt. Is there mulch right up to the trunk of each plant? If so, pull it back away from the trunk as this will keep the bark too wet which may encourage cankers to develop. What is the fertilizer application program like? Too much could cause needle burn. Please take a look at these questions and get back to me at your earliest convenience at: ralph.mitchell@charlottecountyfl.gov. All the best, Ralph

spacemonkey

November 15, 2019

Thank you for your inquiry! As Brazilian Cloaks have such large leaves, they would tend to act as sails in a breeze. That coupled with somewhat brittle branches, breakage can happen. I have one myself that does do this from time to time. I would recommend placing a number of strategically placed bamboo canes to help support these branches. Breakage also prunes the shrub in a way and makes for plenty of propagating materials! In March, you can begin to prune it to keep it in-bounds and in a manageable shape. All the best, Ralph

Jose Gonzalez
November 14, 2019

I planted about 50 5 gallons and noticed about five plants that had a single branch turn brown and dry out. Can I use a copper fungicide or maybe an all natural three-in-one product they sell at HD? I remember a few years back I had a 10ft Podocarpus tree that completely died the same way. I'm thinking maybe fungus?

Kathy
November 13, 2019

My 4’ beautiful red brazilian cloake has been damaged badly by wind. It couldn’t have been more than 25 mph! Two branches broke and died. Then a week later two more branches were knocked to the ground and leaves wilted. They died also. I read a lot about this plant but saw nothing about having to protect it from strong breezes. I had been doing well in full all day sun until the 25 mph gust destroyed part of it. Have you ever heard of this kind of damage in southwest Florida? I have tied the rest of the branches together in hopes of protecting it from further winds. Is this a good idea or not? Please help! Thanks much!!!

Betty Staugler

October 30, 2019

Hi Carol... There is red tide currently in the Englewood area. For up to date information here are some good resources. FWC maintains a daily sample map that shows results from the last 8 days of red tide sampling: https://myfwc.maps.arcgis.com/apps/View/index.html?appid=87162eec3eb846218cec711d16462a72 Forecasting tools have been developed that predict respiratory irritation due to red tide blooms: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/hab/gomx.html and where a bloom may move over the next four days: http://ocgweb.marine.usf.edu/hab_tracking/wfcom_hab.html Mote Marine Lab provides up-to-date information on respiratory irritation and fish kill status from select beaches as part of their Beach Conditions Reporting System. https://visitbeaches.org/

Carol
October 28, 2019

My family and I will be staying on Manasota Key the first week in November. Has there been issues with the red tide along those beaches? We are leaving this Saturday. Thank you

hertavein
October 16, 2019

Such a nice Information There are more species of fish than all the species of amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals combined. Fish have been on the earth for more than 450 million years.

Betty Staugler

August 16, 2019

Hi David...without seeing it, I would hesitate to guess.

spacemonkey

August 13, 2019

Hello Connie, This factsheet should help you. Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide

DAVID A CRAIN
August 9, 2019

I live on Marco Island, where during the summer wet season, material rises to the surface in our canals and residents assume this is an algae bloom. Please give me the technical term for this phenomena.

Kamal Kishor
August 9, 2019

Wonderful article! This is a very inspiring article for me. I would love to read more blogs on landscaping that sounds very useful and interesting.

Betty Staugler

August 2, 2019

Yes indeed. Thank you!

Bodybuilding
August 2, 2019

We need to make sure to protect these fish and their habitats in nature great article thank you

Betty Staugler

July 16, 2019

Yes, I have observed that too!

Betty Staugler

July 16, 2019

Hi Gerard...Yes, they can and in are in some places; however, the eventual goal is to find a way to completely remove the nitrogen and phosphorus from the environment. That is what the research of the University of Maryland is focused on.

Gerard
July 15, 2019

Why can’t the algae biomass be composted?

Christine
July 14, 2019

There seems to be a connection between the white foamy lines and pending rainy weather. I grew up spending every summer at a lake. Every time the white lines show up, my Grandfather would say “rains coming !” This past week we were on vacation at a lake and sure enough, the white lines were present the day before rain was forecasted.

Connie Macri
July 7, 2019

I would like to know when to plant vegtable plants like tomatoes,peppers,kale,sweet potatoes, salad greens etc in Port Charlotte, FL I am from N.J.

Amber Shahzadi
July 3, 2019

very awesome

Carolyn Savary
June 26, 2019

Hi Ralph, I have been growing everglade tomatoes for about 8 years. One of my garden club friends gave me some seeds. I'm a snowbird so I brought seeds to Massachusetts. They grew like crazy here. Funniest thing is that the seeds overwintered and in the spring the plants popped up everywhere!

Betty Staugler

June 19, 2019

Hi Steve. I'm glad you enjoyed the article. Yes, the November 2016 article is still correct. The closed season on snook means you can not possess one. You may still target them for catch and release. Thank you for that question! I will reword my blog to make that clearer. Betty

Steve deMontmollin
June 19, 2019

Thanks for a great article. By the way, is your Florida fishing laws article of November 1, 2016, still good authority? Does the closed season on snook simply mean that it is catch and release or can one be cited for simply fishing for snook. I note that it is catch and release ion all coastal counties at all times currently.

Amber Shahzadi
June 15, 2019

keep sharing

Betty Staugler

June 12, 2019

Hi Karen...I can help you out with the Charlotte Harbor guides. I believe Sarasota County Parks & Rec. are the contact for guides there. Send me an email: staugler@ufl.edu and we can figure out how to get guides to you.

karen e jones
May 21, 2019

Would like to order muliple copies of A Boating and Angling Guide to Charlotte Harbor and also to Sarasota for my CG Auxiliary Englewood. Please advise how todo that. Thank you

Betty Staugler

April 22, 2019

Hi John...This is a bit out of my area of expertise so I reached out to others at UF for input. Advantages include that it is organic, high in K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn which are very good for plants especially for acidic soils. Disadvantages include high salt especially sodium (Na), low N and P which are essential macronutrients (need a lot) for plants. The nutrients take a lot longer to ‘peak’, when compared to conventional fertilizers. The exact concentrations depend on the algae. There are three ways that seaweed materials could be used as a soil amendment/ fertilizer: 1) directly used as organic mulch or dried powder fertilizer. This approach may not work very well because of the high salt content and very slow of release of nutrients through decomposition. 2) composting. 3) use as additives if mix with other kinds of fertilizers. It should work well if mixing with animal manures. For marine algae, there is also need for a washing process to remove the salts. I hope this is helpful...Betty

John Glinatsis
April 20, 2019

Thank you for this informative blog! I have noticed this spring that massive amounts of the algae are floating up and clogging the ICW and shallow bays, large dark slimy blobs everywhere. While I'm glad to see it lifting off the grass beds, I'm concerned with the volume we have seen this winter in our bays from Sarasota to Charlotte Harbor, especially upper Lemon Bay area. Recently retired, I fish Monday through Friday weekly inshore in these bays and have noted a lot of the algae. Does this dying algae have any nutritional value such as fertilizer for our gardens, plants and trees? With such volumes drifting now it would be a great resource to utilize in lieu of commercial fertilizers if the value is present.

Betty Staugler

April 19, 2019

Hi Grace...I suspect you are also seeing Langmuir's circulation. What is visible in the parallel lines is dependent upon what is being pushed to the surface, along with weather and sea conditions.

Grace
April 19, 2019

We live on a small long lake, when a strong wind blows from the south, we get parallel lines the length of the lake. they are not foamy, just lighter and smoother than the rest of the water. Any ideas?

spacemonkey

April 17, 2019

Some follow-up questions – Is it in the sun or shade? What is the fertilizer program like? Has it been pruned? All the best, Ralph

ed casas
April 16, 2019

I have a ylang ylang tree over 20 ft but never flowers what can I do to get it to flower

Betty Staugler

April 15, 2019

Hi Julie...Where cichlids are along the river is really dependent upon salinity. Right now it's pretty salty by the El Jobean bridge. Once the salinity comes down, after we get a little more rain, you should see the cichlids return to your riprap. Cichlids have a pretty wide salinity range but they prefer lower salinities. As such, during the dry months where they can (in areas such as the Myakka River), they tend to migrate upstream where the water is fresher.

Julie Gildea
April 15, 2019

This is unrelated to the previous discussion, but we would like to get some info on why the cichlids in our canal in Port Charlotte, Charlotte county have disappeared. Previous years we had tons in our riprap along with little sheephead and a variety of small snappers. Our canal empties into the Myakka river, near the the El Jobean bridge. Love to know what happened, and if we can attract them back. If you don't have this info could your point us to who we would contact. Thanks so much for your help.

Betty Staugler

March 22, 2019

Hi Tony...At this time there is no red tide occurring anywhere in Florida. Of course that could change, but April is generally not a big month for bloom initiation. You can visit this website: https://myfwc.com/research/redtide/statewide/ for weekly updates. I hope you have a great time here in SWFL. Betty

Tony Williams
March 22, 2019

Hi Betty, I am coming to Englewood Beach early April from the UK, could tell me if there is still a Red Tide problem along this stretch of water. I know last Summer it was bad in Sarasota so flipped coast lines to Flagler beach on the Atlantic side ... I like to o a spot of fishing so hoping its gone ... Warmest regards, Tony UK

spacemonkey

January 2, 2019

Dear Gardener, Thank you for your inquiry! Will heliconia’s survive all the way up in Jacksonville? That is a good question which could probably be answered “yes”, “no”, and it depends. Most varieties would probably be killed by the cold – not only the cold above, but if the soil froze. However, I guess that there could be some micro-climates in areas that might be warm enough to overwinter successfully. I found an article about heliconia’s that could survive in Central Florida – please see here - https://www.leugardens.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/HELICONIAS.pdf . I also found a site promoting heliconia (as well as mulch) in Jacksonville – please see here - https://mulchmasters.com/heliconia.php. Here is another publication for your review - http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FP/FP24900.pdf. Jacksonville looks likely to be in cold hardiness zone 9 a with an average annual minimum temperature of 20 to 25 degrees F. At this time of year, your heliconia will likely look tattered and worn as we enter the winter months. The rhizomes underground are still alive. If the ground freezes, it is likely that the roots will die. Are there any other heliconia in your neighborhood that are established and doing well year-to-year? If so, this is a good sign. As far as transplanting them now. This probably fine as they are dormant, but the question still exists at whether they are hardy enough? You might try the local Duval County Urban Horticulture Agent, Terry DelValle at delvalle@coj.net to be sure. I hope that this information is helpful to you. All the best, Ralph

Gary Stripling
December 31, 2018

I live in Jacksonville where we do receive some cold temps. I have 2 Heliconias in 2 large pots on my front porch (direct sun, good drainage). They did great through summer and fall. However, they are now looking very rough with yellowed leaves. Can I transplant them into a flower bed nearby? If so, when is the best time to do this? Do I cut them all the way down to dirt level?

spacemonkey

August 21, 2018

Thank you for your inquiry! As a group, I would say that Duranta have low to no salt-tolerance. Salt-tolerance is a relative term – please see our salt-tolerance range fact sheet attached above as a guide. Also, please see here - http://hos.ufl.edu/sites/default/files/faculty/gdliu/Salt-TolerantPlants_FL_Black_03_0.pdf - Salt-Tolerant Plants for Florida, as well as here - http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/design/landscaping-for-specific-sites/coastal-landscape.html - Coastal Landscapes. Please also see here for Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ and salt tolerance direction - The Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Guide to Plant Selection & Landscape Design - available on-line at this link - http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/FYN_Plant_Selection_Guide_2015.pdf will give you some more ideas on plant materials. You may want to have your well tested for salt to see what the ppm is reading. I hope that this information will be helpful to you.

DAVID PARHALO
August 21, 2018

Are the Duranta scrubs salt tolerant? We have has some salt intrusion in our well used for watering our lawn and don't want to kill any Duranta plants we might purchase. Thank you and GO GATORS

Anthony @ fishing guy
July 12, 2018

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May 31, 2018

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January 31, 2018

North Atlantic fish feed and spawn over a wide range of temperatures from ?2 to 20°C, but most species are within their limits for feeding at 0–4°C, and for spawning at 2–7°C.

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