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Saw Palmetto Berries

Beware Saw Palmetto Berry Poachers

As the UF/IFAS Natural Resources Extension Agent for St. Lucie County, I am often stomping through the county’s amazing abundance of nature preserves.  I have demonstration sites for biological control of invasive plants and I also teach Florida Master Naturalists and others about the natural systems we have in the county. Usually my excursions end with amazing stories of the most beautiful butterflies, wildflowers and other natural wonders seen on these adventures. Unfortunately, sometimes I also come across suspected illegal activity.  Saw palmetto poaching is one of these illegal activities.

Saw Palmetto Berry Poaching

Suspected Saw Palmetto Berry Poaching. Photo Credits: K. Gioeli

I contacted the St. Lucie County’s Environmental Resources Department and asked for their viewpoint on saw palmetto berry poachers.  They have a strict policy of not allowing harvesting of saw palmetto berries in county-owned preserves.  It is recommended that 9-1-1 be contacted when suspected saw palmetto berry poachers are seen.  Suspected poachers should not be confronted directly.  Let law enforcement handle the situation.  Other city and state land managers in St. Lucie County also have a similar policy.

So why is it such a big deal?  Why would anyone want to poach saw palmetto berries anyway?

Saw Palmetto

Saw palmetto. Photo credits: K. Gioeli

Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) is described as a sturdy native palm tree in UF/EDIS literature (Gilman 2014).  Its fruit is inconspicuous and not showy.  According to UF literature, saw palmetto leaves and drupes provide cover and food for over 211 species of wildlife (Fast, Ferrell and Sellers 2012). Drupes can also be consumed by humans, and they have reportedly been used for the treatment of 63 commonly occurring medical conditions.  Unfortunately, when poachers illegally harvest saw palmetto berries from nature preserves, they deprive wildlife of their food source.  They also remove the plant’s ability to sprout new saw palmettos from the fruit.  To the people entrusted with management of our precious natural areas, its a pretty big deal.

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) considers this issue severe enough to list saw palmetto as a commercially exploited plant.  According to the FDACS website “After receiving input from public and private landowners, conservation interests and other interested parties, the Endangered Plant Advisory Council unanimously recommended adding saw palmetto to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ commercially exploited plant list. The recommendation was adopted by department rule, which resulted in new requirements for the harvesting of saw palmetto berries. These new requirements took effect July 17, 2018.”

The FDACS website has information about saw palmetto exploitation.  Their website also features a permit application request for harvesting endangered or commercially exploited plant(s) or plant part(s) is found online.  Please note that no permits will be issued for saw palmetto berry harvesting in St. Lucie County’s nature preserves.  Click this link to find more information about this permit application. https://www.fdacs.gov/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Business-Services/Plant-Pest-Permits/Native-Plant-Harvesting-Permit/Saw-Palmetto-Berry-Harvesting

Saw Palmetto Berries

Saw Palmetto Berries. Photo Credits: K. Gioeli

Resources
Fast, B, Ferrell, J., and Sellers, B. (2012). Saw palmetto control: individual plant and broadcast application. [UF/EDIS] https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/AG351

FDACS Saw Palmetto Berry Harvesting [Retrieved online August 8, 2021] https://www.fdacs.gov/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Business-Services/Plant-Pest-Permits/Native-Plant-Harvesting-Permit/Saw-Palmetto-Berry-Harvesting

Gilman, E. (2014). Serenoa repens Saw Palmetto [UF/EDIS] https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/fp547


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