Brazilian Peppertree

Brazilian Peppertree Biological Control Extension Needs Assessment

Please take 8-10 minutes to complete the UF/IFAS Brazilian peppertree biological control extension needs assessment linked below.  Brazilian peppertree is an exotic invasive tree that outcompetes native vegetation and disrupts natural processes. Because of the negative impacts to the Florida environment, UF/IFAS started a biological control program of Brazilian peppertree. Scientists have identified four insect species that may prove to be effective biological control agents: one thrips and three species of leaf-galling insects in the family Calophyidae. Both the thrips and the leaf gallers feed on new shoots. USDA APHIS recently issued release permits for the thrips (Pseudophilothrips ichini) and the leaf galler (Calophya latiforceps). Both of these species are host-specific to Brazilian peppertree and have been shown to damage the plant in laboratory studies (Prade et al. 2016; Manrique et al. 2014).  Click the links below to begin the needs assessment.  Thank you.

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This needs assessment is in support of this project:
Minteer, C., Wheeler, G., Gioeli, K., and Kariuki, E. 2019. Release strategy optimization of classical biological control agents for Brazilian peppertree in Florida. Florida Cattle Enhancement Board.

​Prade, P., R. Diaz, M. D. Vitorino, J. P. Cuda, P. Kumar, B. Gruber, and W. A. Overholt. 2016. “Galls induced by Calophya latiforceps (Hemiptera: Calophyidae) reduce leaf performance and growth of Brazilian peppertree.” Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 26: 23–3