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Sprinkler Checkup – Part 2 – Rain Sensors!

In a recent blog post, we covered the basics of doing a sprinkler “wet-check.” (If you missed that post, or want a quick review, click here.)

In today’s post, we’re focusing entirely on rain sensors, and how/why they sometimes fail to save much water. 

Ready?

Chances are, if you have an irrigation system in the state of Florida, you probably have something that looks like this:

Rain sensor

“Expanding disc” style rain sensor.

…or this:

Rain shutoff device based on electrical conductivity.

Older style rain shutoff device based on electrical conductivity. Image credit –UF/IFAS

 

 

Q: How do they work?

A: In a nutshell – if the sensor is soaked, the sprinklers won’t run.

dripping rain shutoff device

Once the sensor dries out, the scheduled sprinkler cycles will run again.

rain shutoff device - sunny day

 

Q: Do they actually work?

A: We hear this question a lot. The answer is “Yes…, BUT… ”

1) The sensor needs to be mounted upright, able to catch rain. In other words, the sensor can’t be:

  • under an overhang
  • hidden inside a shrub
  • beneath a big tree
  • full of airplants (moss, spiders, etc…)
  • sideways
  • etc…
rain sensor hanging by wires below the roof overhang

Nope.

rain shutoff device knocked horizontal

Definitely not.

rain sensor mounted on a wall below a mature live oak

Beneath a mature live-oak?

Those are real air-plants growing out of this one!

 

 

2) The controller needs to be receiving input from the sensor. In other words,…

  • if using a wired sensor, the wires need to be properly attached
  • if using a wireless version, the battery needs to be good, and the signal needs to be received
  • the sensor must be switched to ACTIVE. Switching the sensor to BYPASS causes the controller to ignore all information coming from the sensor. In other words, if your sensor is bypassed, you don’t have a water-saving device – you just have a funny-looking gutter ornament!

 

Sensor switched to ACTIVE.

Example: Sensor switched to ACTIVE.

 

3) UF researchers have found that although new or regularly maintained sensors can provide some water savings, the dry-out time of a rain sensor is typically different from the dry-out time of the soil. (Often, the sensor dries out much quicker.) In other words, your sensor may be ready to allow watering before your grass really needs it.*

WAIT A SEC… Back up. Did that say “new or REGULARLY MAINTAINED rain sensors?”

When was the last time you checked, maintained, or replaced (or even thought about) your rain sensor?

I thought so…

 

Takeaway message – If you’re relying on that rain sensor to provide water savings, you should periodically check to make sure it’s still working. If it’s been up there for many years, you should consider replacing it.

OR… for even better water savings, consider upgrading to a soil moisture sensor. You can read all about soil moisture sensors in our previous 3-part series “Taking the guesswork out of watering the lawn.” LINKS:

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3

 

Did you know?

In Florida, all sprinkler systems are actually required to be equipped with technology that inhibits or interrupts operation of the system during periods of sufficient moisture.”  A rain sensor -or- a soil moisture sensor can be used to fulfill this requirement.

 


About the Author: As the Florida Friendly Landscaping (FFL) Program Coordinator in Pasco County, Frank works with the residents, homebuilders, and businesses of Pasco to achieve attractive, resilient, low-maintenance yards and communities while reducing over-reliance on irrigation, fertilizer, and pesticides. (Click to learn the 9 Principles of Florida-Friendly Landscaping!) Through an innovative collaboration with Pasco County Utilities, Frank provides on-site assistance to individuals and communities identified as high water users. He can be reached at (813)929.2716.

Not in Pasco County? Not a problem! Click here to find your local UF/IFAS Extension office!

About UF/IFAS Extension: UF/IFAS Extension serves as a source of non-biased, research-based information for the residents, businesses, and communities of Florida, providing educational materials and programs for adults and youth. We proudly “provide solutions for your life.”

 


 

 *In recent testing, the majority of sensors were ready to allow irrigation again only 1 – 2 days after receiving rainfall. A handful of controllers currently on the market will allow the user to custom program a delay – in other words, you can tell the system not to water the lawn for at least #X days after the sensor reaches saturation, regardless of how quickly the sensor dries back out.

References:

Residential Irrigation System Rainfall Shutoff Devices, or Rain Sensors

LINK: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae221

Estimated Water Savings Potential of Florida-Friendly Landscaping Activities

LINK:http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae515

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