Skip to main content
lemon

Fact sheet: Lemon

 

Origin: The lemon is thought to have evolved on the lower slopes of the Himalayan Mountains in eastern India (Davies and Albrigo 1994; Morton 1987). Molecular research indicates lemon originated from a cross of citron (C. medica) and sour orange (C. aurantium) (Moore 2001).

History: The lemon was introduced into southern Italy as early as 200 C.E. and spread to Iraq and Egypt by 700 C.E. (Morton 1987). Lemon was widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean region by 1000–1150 C.E. and was cultivated in China between 760–1297 C.E. Lemon was introduced by the Spanish to the island of Hispaniola in 1493 and later during the first settlement of St. Augustine, Florida (Jackson 1991). Sometime during 1751–1768 lemon was introduced into California.

Distribution: Today lemons are grown commercially throughout the Mediterranean region including Spain, Italy, Morocco, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, and Israel. They are also grown in areas of the world with Mediterranean climates such as California and Chile and tropical areas such as Belize.

Scientific name: Citrus limon

Fact sheet: Lemon

Harvey Lemon Citrus limon ‘Harvey’ and Meyer Lemon Citrus x meyeri are planted in the Nassau County Extension Demonstration Garden.