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Preventing the Spread of Germs and Viruses

There are many germs, microorganisms and viruses in our environment. With a healthy immune system and cooking food to the proper temperature along with proper handwashing, we can usually fight off these germs and stay healthy.

How do germs enter my body? Germs can enter your body through several routes such as through your eyes, nose, mouth and through a cut or open wound.


Handwashing with soap and water is one of the most effective methods of preventing the spread of infection.

What precautions should I take to reduce my risk of infection?

• Cover nose and mouth when coughing.
• Cover your sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
• Avoid contact with people who are sick displaying cold or flu like symptoms.
• Stay home when you are sick.
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a household cleaning spray or disinfecting wipe.
• Clean hands by washing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds-. https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/
• Thoroughly cook all meat and eggs- https://www.foodsafety.gov/keep-food-safe/4-steps-to-food-safety#cook

What is the recommended hand washing procedure? Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the restroom, before eating, after handling pets, after blowing your nose, after shaking hands, after sneezing or coughing, etc.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) says, “Handwashing is like a do-it-yourself vaccine involving five simple and effective steps, wet, lather, scrub, rinse and dry.”

Proper handwashing is important for reducing the number of harmful microorganisms on our hands.

The following are instructions for proper handwashing:

1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the faucet, and apply soap.
2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, front of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. What equals 20 seconds? Sing the “Happy Birthday” song quietly in your head, from beginning to end, twice.
4. Rinse your hands and wrists thoroughly under clean, running water.
5. Dry your hands using a clean paper towel or air dry them.

Proper Handwashing for School Childrenhttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FY/FY72500.pdf

Clean hands save lives https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/

Center for Disease Control website for prevention and treatment information- Coronavirus is one virus that is getting a lot of press, check out this Center for Disease Control website for more information. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
• UF/IFAS Extension Broward County website- http://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/broward/family-and-consumer-sciences/
• UF/IFAS Extension Broward County blogs- http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/browardco/

 

 

 

 

2 Comments on “Preventing the Spread of Germs and Viruses

  1. Thanks for mentioning that covering your nose and mouth when coughing and avoid touching your face are just some of the preventative measures to spreading germs. The manager of the store I work in is considering getting sneeze screens for our registers because our owner is thinking of opening more lines for customers to use. I think it’s wise for my manager to consider getting equipment from a reputable supplier to help prevent spreading germs.

    • Thank you for your comment. Respiratory etiquette is very important.
      Stay safe!

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